Hummingbirds In Arizona with Pictures

Hummingbirds are among the most beautiful and captivating creatures in nature. Their vibrant, sparkling wings flit about as they dart from flower to flower in search of nectar – a mesmerizing sight for anyone lucky enough to witness it! Arizona is home to many species of hummingbird, and if you’re looking for some up-close encounters with these magnificent birds, then look no further: here we’ll explore why Arizona is one of the best places in the US to observe them.

The Grand Canyon State is known for its abundance of diverse wildlife. As such, it’s not surprising that several species of hummingbirds can be found there. From Anna’s Hummingbird on the west coast to Broad-billed Hummingbird in southeastern Arizona, this state offers plenty of opportunities to catch a glimpse of these tiny creatures. In addition to their unique physical characteristics, hummingbirds also have fascinating behaviors that make them an interesting study subject – especially when observed over time.

If you’re eager to see hummingbirds yourself, all you need is a little patience and knowledge of where they live in Arizona. Once you know what types of plants attract them and which areas they frequent at certain times of year, your chances increase dramatically. With a bit more preparation and dedication, soon you’ll be able to experience firsthand the beauty and wonderment that come along with witnessing wild hummingbirds!

Costa’s Hummingbird

Costa's Hummingbird
Costa’s Hummingbird

The Costa’s Hummingbird is a sight like no other in Arizona. It’s beauty and grace seemingly never ending, as it flutters from flower to feeder with an energy that seems almost too good to be true! This species of hummingbird can often be seen at hummingbird feeders throughout the state.

Costa's Hummingbird range map

The male of this breed has a bright green back, cinnamon-colored sides, and dark red throat patch called a gorget which glistens in the sunlight like liquid gold. He also has black feathers on his chin giving him his name; the Black-chinned Hummingbird. In comparison to their female counterparts, they stand out among others in all their splendor. As we transition into discussing the Black-chinned Hummingbird, one thing is clear: when it comes to these two breeds, there are few birds more spectacular than them both combined!

Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird
Black-Chinned Hummingbird

The next hummingbird species to inhabit Arizona is the Black-chinned Hummingbird. This species has a dark green back, a purple throat and chest, and black chin. They are also less vocal than other hummingbirds and can be observed hovering in front of flowers while they feed on nectar.

Black-chinned Hummingbird range map

While some people confuse them with Rufous Hummingbirds due to their similar appearance, the two species have distinct differences. For instance, male Rufous Hummingbirds possess an orange-red throat while the Black-chinned Hummingbirds’ throats are violet or blue. In addition, their wings beat faster when compared side by side; the Rufous having a wingbeat frequency of 52 beats per second and those of the Black-Chinned averaging around 62 times per second.

Rufous Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird

To spot this species during its migration through Arizona, look for it near riverside areas such as cottonwood groves or riparian zones that contain flowering plants like mesquite trees where these birds often spend time searching for food . With luck you may even catch sight of one perched atop a tree branch singing its distinctive song. As spring approaches, more individuals will make their way to Arizona’s desert regions from Mexico and southern US states ready to begin breeding season. Transitioning now into broad-billed hummingbirds which come later in summertime..

Broad-Billed Hummingbirds

The beauty of Arizona’s hummingbirds is breathtaking. Three species in particular make the state their home: The Calliope Hummingbird, Broad-tailed Hummingbird and the broad-billed hummer. Each adds a unique charm to its surroundings with its vibrant colors and captivating call.

Broad-billed Hummingbird
Broad-Billed Hummingbird
Calliope Hummingbird
Calliope Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird

The smallest among these three birds is the Calliope Hummingbird which has an iridescent green back and grayish white breast. Its chest feathers are trimmed with a thin stripe of rose red that glistens brightly as it flutters from flower to flower. It emits a high pitched chirp similar to that of other small songbirds but much more rapid. This bird can often be seen hovering around feeders or gardens filled with nectar rich flowers like honeysuckles, columbines and lupines.

Broad-tailed Hummingbird range map

Next comes the Broad-tailed Hummingbird which bears striking ruby throat plumage and deep emerald wings. This species produces an array of melodic sounds including low warbles, squeaks, buzzes and trills; all sung while rapidly beating its wings together in flight at speeds up to fifty miles per hour! When not flying about it may be found perched atop branches surveying its domain before zipping off again on another adventure.

Broad-tailed Hummingbird range map

These two hummingbirds join forces with the Broad-billed Hummingbird in creating a picturesque atmosphere throughout Arizona’s countryside. With its electric blue head, vivid orange sides and midnight black bill this bird truly stands out amid the crowd. As one watches from afar they might catch sight of its signature tail flip – where it quickly flicks its forked tail upwards before swooping down into shrubs below for food or rest.

Broad-billed Hummingbird range map

Moving forward we will explore yet another mesmerizing inhabitant of Arizona – Anna’s Hummingbird -a species of hummingbird that is native to the western coast of North America.

Anna’s Hummingbirds

Anna's Hummingbird1
Anna’s Hummingbird

Anna’s Hummingbirds are native to Arizona, and can be found throughout the state. They are attracted to gardens that feature their favorite plants and flowers, such as sagebrush and manzanita. These birds also enjoy nectar-rich flowers like columbine and penstemon, which make them frequent visitors in hummingbird gardens.

Anna's Hummingbird range map

They have a rapid flight pattern with few pauses, making it possible for birdwatchers to easily identify them in the wild. During breeding season they display distinctive courtship behavior by raising their crown feathers while hovering in front of potential mates or rivals.

Their presence is an excellent sign of healthy ecosystems since Anna’s Hummingbirds depend on local resources for food and shelter. This species is well adapted to different habitats within its range, allowing them to thrive across Arizona despite human activity.

Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird

Moving on from Anna’s Hummingbird, we come to the Rufous Hummingbirds. This species is most commonly found in the western United States and northern Mexico. The male has an orange-red throat with a white breast, while the female usually sports green feathers all over her body. Both sexes have copper-brown wings and tail that are often mistaken for those of other hummingbirds such as violet crowned hummingbird or calliope hummingbird. The males make a distinct sound like “teak” during mating season which helps them attract females. During fall migration they can be seen traveling in flocks searching for food sources along their journey northward.

Rufous Hummingbird range map

These small birds feed mostly on nectar but also eat insects when available. They use their long tongues to slurp up flower nectar and hover midair to reach difficult spots. Rufous Hummingbirds build nests out of soft materials such as mosses, leaves, lichens, spider webs and plant down; these nests are typically built near flowers so they have easy access to food sources year round. As we move onto our next topic about broad-tailed hummingbird, one thing remains clear: despite being tiny creatures rufous hummers play an important role in pollinating native plants across much of North America.

Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Broad-tailed Hummingbird1
Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird is a species of hummingbird found in Arizona. Male Broad-tailed Hummingbirds have dark chests and green backs, with ruby throats that shimmer in the sunlight. They are known for their distinctive call which sounds like a high pitched ‘chee’ or ‘chirp’.

Broad-tailed Hummingbirds can be seen darting through gardens, yards and meadows in search of food. Here’s what you need to know when trying to spot these magnificent creatures:

  • Look out for their long tails as they fly above you;
  • Listen for their loud buzzing noises as they hover around flowers;
  • Watch carefully for their ruby throats glinting in the sun; and finally
  • Expect them to zip away quickly if disturbed!
Broad-tailed Hummingbird range map

In comparison to its more common relative, the Ruby Throated Hummingbird, this species has a smaller body but longer wingspan. Its tail feathers are also much brighter than those of other hummingbirds. The male Broad-tailed Hummingbird often performs impressive aerial displays during courtship season – an activity sure to captivate any birdwatcher! With all these characteristics, it’s easy to see why so many people enjoy watching these tiny birds flitting about from flower to flower.

With the fascinating behavior of Broad-tailed Hummingbirds now explored, let us turn our attention towards another species that lives in Arizona – the Calliope Hummingbird.

Calliope Hummingbird

Calliope Hummingbird
Calliope Hummingbird

Having just discussed the Broad-tailed Hummingbird, it would be a crime to leave out one of Arizona’s most iconic species: The Calliope Hummingbird. Imagine an audience member with their jaw on the ground at the sight of these little birds flying around in southeastern Arizona!

DescriptionWhere to See
Smallest bird species in North AmericaBlue Throated Mountain
Rufous coloration and white spot behind eyeSoutheastern Arizona
Longer tail than other hummingbirdsEverywhere in AZ!

The Calliope Hummingbird is quite unique compared to other small bird species due to its size; they are the smallest bird in all of North America. Males have rufous coloring while females tend to be more greenish with some orange highlights which can easily be seen when they fly around looking for nectar or insects. Both genders also sport a tiny white spot behind each eye that stands out from afar, making them easy to distinguish from other hummingbirds. Furthermore, unlike many other hummingbirds in Arizona, the Calliope has a longer tail that adds a bit of drama as it moves about.

Calliope Hummingbird range map

These incredible creatures can be spotted during summer months anywhere across Arizona but prefer higher elevations such as those found in blue throated mountain regions located in southeastern parts of the state. With so much beauty packed into such a small creature, it is no wonder why calliope hummingbirds continue to fascinate Arizonian wildlife lovers and visitors alike. As we move onto our next topic —the ruby-throated hummingbird— let us remember how amazing this species truly is!

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is one of the most common species found in Arizona. This small bird can be spotted throughout the state during its breeding season from late February through early August.

When it comes to identifying a Ruby-throated Hummingbird, there are three key characteristics:

  • Size and Color: They have an average body length of 3 inches with emerald green backs and white bellies. Their throats are ruby colored and iridescent in sunlight.
  • Migration Pattern: During their breeding season, they migrate northward into Arizona as far as Madera Canyon near Tucson.
  • Behavior: These hummingbirds spend much of their time hovering around flowers while collecting nectar for food and building nests among nearby foliage.
Ruby-throated Hummingbird range map

Their presence provides a beautiful addition to any garden or backyard that’s visited by these tiny feathered friends. It’s also beneficial to local ecosystems because they help pollinate plants, which helps them reproduce and grow more flowers for other animals to enjoy. The sight of these birds flitting about should bring a smile to anyone who takes the time to watch them!

Rivoli’s Hummingbird

Rivoli's Hummingbird
Rivoli’s Hummingbird

Rivoli’s Hummingbird is one of the most common species of hummingbirds found in Arizona. It has a vibrant green body with an iridescent bronze-green on its head and throat, plus white eye stripes that give it a sparkling appearance. The male Rivoli’s also have red throats and long forked tails, while females tend to be slightly duller with grayish underparts. While this bird is native to Mexico, there are some populations throughout Central and Southern Arizona as well.

Rivoli's Hummingbird range map

The other two species commonly seen in Arizona include the White Eared Hummingbird and the Male Lucifer Hummingbird.

White-eared Hummingbird
White Eared Hummingbird
Lucifer Hummingbird
Lucifer Hummingbird

The White Eared Hummingbird has a metallic purple-blue back and tail feathers, along with yellow breast markings and distinctive white ear patches on each side of their heads. They can be found at higher elevations during summer months when they come down from their northern breeding grounds.

The Male Lucifer Hummingbird is a small but colorful breed with bright pink or orange gorget (throat) patches surrounded by emerald green feathers. These birds prefer open scrubby areas where they feed mainly on nectar from flowers such as agave cactus blooms. With these three types of hummingbirds being so widespread across Arizona, it’s no wonder why many travelers flock to the state just to catch a glimpse!

As we move on to discuss Violet-Crowned Hummingbird next, let us remember how diverse our feathered friends truly are in Arizona’s skies.

Violet-Crowned Hummingbird

Violet-crowned Hummingbird
Violet-Crowned Hummingbird

The Violet-crowned Hummingbird is the most abundant species of hummingbirds in Arizona. They can be found throughout the state, including Cave Creek Canyon where they are commonly seen between March and October. These birds have an olive-green back, gray chest and belly, a violet crown on their head, and some white stripes around their neck. Lucifer Hummingbirds are also found in Arizona but they tend to migrate more than other hummingbirds so they may not always be present.

Violet-crowned Hummingbird range map

Violet-crowned Hummingbirds mainly feed on nectar from flowers using their long bills and tongues, which can reach up to twice their body length! They also eat small insects for additional protein intake. Females build cup shaped nests made out of leaves, mosses, lichens and spider webs near trees or shrubs as protection from predators. To move forward in understanding these beautiful creatures it helps to observe them closely while visiting areas like Cave Creek Canyon that provide prime habitat for them.

Allen’s Hummingbird

Allen's Hummingbird
Allen’s Hummingbird

The next species of hummingbird to be discussed is Allen’s Hummingbird. It is distinct in that the males have a bright green head and chest, while females are similar but with duller colors. According to The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Allen’s Hummingbirds breed in southwestern California as well as parts of Arizona and Mexico. Surprisingly, there are more female broad-billed hummingbirds than male ones in this area.

Allen's Hummingbird range map

Allen’s Hummingbirds migrate southward during winter months; they can often be found along the coasts or farther inland at lower elevations. During their breeding season, these birds may be seen visiting flowers for nectar or catching small insects on the wing for food and protein. They also rely heavily on artificial feeders filled with sugar water solution placed near windows and porches by people who want to observe them.

This unique bird has adapted to take advantage of human resources available where it lives, making it an example of successful urban wildlife conservation efforts. With its vibrant coloration and graceful flying abilities, watching an Allen’s Hummingbird never ceases to bring joy to those fortunate enough to encounter one. As we move onto discussing berylline hummingbirds next, it will become clear why they’ve captivated so many generations around the world!

Berylline Hummingbird

Berylline Hummingbird (Northern)
Berylline Hummingbird

The Berylline hummingbird is a small, olive green bird that can be found across Arizona. It’s most commonly seen in the mountains of northern and central Arizona. This species of hummingbird has an iridescent blue throat patch, which gives it its other name—the Blue-throated Mountain Gem.

BodyOlive Green2 – 3 inches
Throat PatchIridescent Blue0.6 inch

The Berylline hummingbird is unique from other types of hummingbirds due to its distinctive coloration and size. Its head is grayish-green with reddish sides, while its back feathers are dark brown or blackish-brown. It also has a bright white underside and tail feathers. Its wings have white tips on their inner secondaries and outer margins. While it’s only two to three inches long, this tiny creature can fly up to thirty miles per hour! With these physical characteristics, the berylline hummingbird stands out among other birds in Arizona’s mountain regions.

Berylline Hummingbird (Northern) range map

These beautiful creatures need our help for survival as they migrate through Arizona each year. Understanding their behaviors, habitats, and needs helps us ensure that we coexist peacefully with them during their stay here.

When Should You Take Down Hummingbird Feeders In Arizona?

Hummingbirds in Arizona typically begin their fall migration journey around late August or early September. This is when the Lucifers hummingbird, which breeds and nests in Cave Creek Canyon, starts its southbound trip to Mexico. It’s a great idea to take down your feeders once you’ve spotted this species taking flight:

  1. During late summer, keep an eye out for decreases in activity on the feeder as birds start preparing for their long-distance flights.
  2. Keep track of temperatures; if they’re dropping below 50 degrees Fahrenheit at night, it’s likely time to remove the feeder since these birds need warmth during cooler months.
  3. Monitor local birding reports as they will provide clues into when different hummingbird species leave one area for another.

Your last task before winter arrives is to thoroughly clean the feeder and store it away safely until springtime! Doing so prevents disease from spreading among wild populations and ensures that migratory birds have plenty of energy reserves for their upcoming journeys.

What Months Are Hummingbirds In Arizona?

The hummingbirds of Arizona are like a flurry of tiny beautiful jewels, flitting around and filling the air with their song. The most common species found in Arizona includes white eared hummingbirds and ruby throated hummingbirds. In the springtime they migrate to the state from Mexico, while in fall they make their way back south for winter.

These birds typically arrive in late March or early April as part of their migration patterns, but some will stay all year round if food sources are plentiful enough. By mid-summer it is not uncommon to see large numbers of these birds feeding on flowers throughout the state. As summer begins to wind down so too does their presence, usually leaving by October when temperatures become cooler and food starts becoming scarce. But those who live near water sources may get lucky enough to spot them lingering until November.

Best Nectar Feeders To Attract Hummingbirds In Arizona

Now that you know when to expect hummingbirds in Arizona, it’s time to look at the best nectar feeders for attracting them. Whether it’s Costa’s hummingbird or black-chinned hummingbird, providing an easy source of food will help bring these little birds into your garden. Here is a table with information about some of the best nectar feeders available:

Feeder NameCostHummingbird Species Attracted
Classic Hummzinger Ultra 12oz Hummingbird Feeder$35-$40All Commonly Found Species in Arizona
Red Plastic Bottle Hummingbird Feeder 10 oz~$10Black-Chinned and Costa’s Hummingbirds
Glass Mason Jar 32 Oz High View Bee House~$20Broad Range Of Temperate And Tropical Species With Long Bills
First Nature 16 Ounce Hummingbird Flower$14-$16All Commonly Found Species In Arizona

If you are looking for something more natural, there are plenty of flowering plants that attract hummingbirds like columbine, larkspur, and honeysuckle. These flowers provide natural sources of energy for them as they travel through Arizona! The vibrant colors also make them eye-catching additions to any garden. Ultimately, regardless of what type of feeder you choose, keep up with refilling and cleaning it regularly so the hummingbirds can easily access the sweet nectar throughout their stay.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Many Species Of Hummingbirds Are Found In Arizona?

Have you ever wondered how many species of hummingbirds exist in the world? Have you ever been amazed by their beauty and agility as they flit around your garden? Well, if you live in Arizona, there are several species to admire!

Let’s take a look at some of these amazing creatures:

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird – This species is found throughout the year in southern Arizona and can be seen near streams or rivers.
  2. Magnificent Hummingbird – Found mainly in southeastern Arizona during breeding season, this bird has an impressive display of iridescent feathers on its head and throat.
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird – Commonly spotted across central and western Arizona, this bird often visits backyard feeders for a quick bite before flying off again.
  4. Anna’s Hummingbird – The only species of hummingbird that stays all year round in Arizona, it can be found throughout the state from lowlands to high mountains alike.

These birds may appear small but make an incredible impact on our environment with their pollination services! Not only do they bring color and life to any landscape, but they also provide important ecological benefits such as helping to spread pollen between flowers which aids plant reproduction. So next time you spot one of these tiny wonders out in nature, remember what an asset they truly are!

What Is The Best Way To Attract Hummingbirds To My Backyard In Arizona?

If you’re looking to attract hummingbirds to your backyard, there are a few key steps that need to be taken. From providing the right food and water sources to establishing nesting sites, these simple tips can help bring more of these beautiful birds into your own outdoor space.

First and foremost, make sure you have plenty of nectar-rich flowers for them to feed on such as:

  • Annuals:
  • Marigolds
  • Impatiens
  • Petunias
  • Perennials:
  • Bee balm
  • Foxglove
  • Larkspur
  • Native plants:
  • Penstemon
  • Salvia
  • Verbena

Additionally, it’s important to provide bird baths or other shallow containers with clean water so the hummingbirds can bathe and drink. You may also want to consider adding a feeder filled with sugar water–just make sure you keep it full! Finally, try planting some trees or shrubs in your yard for protection from predators as well as potential nesting spots for the little birds. While native species are best for this purpose, any tree will do in a pinch.
By following these easy steps and creating an inviting habitat for hummingbirds, you’ll soon find yourself surrounded by their vibrant colors and sweet chirping songs.

How Often Should Hummingbird Feeders Be Refilled In Arizona?

It’s a question that many backyard birders ask: how often should hummingbird feeders be refilled? While it may seem like an easy answer, the truth is there are several factors to consider before deciding on a regular refill schedule. From weather conditions to the type of feeder you use, understanding the details can make all the difference when caring for your feathered friends in Arizona.

When looking at your local climate, one of the first things to keep in mind is humidity levels. Humid air will cause nectar to spoil more quickly than dry air and therefore require more frequent refills. Additionally, if temperatures become too hot or cold outside then nectar evaporates faster, meaning you’ll need to top off hummingbird feeders as needed. It’s important to monitor these changes throughout the year so that you’re ready with fresh food whenever they arrive!

But even if weather conditions remain consistent, different types of hummingbird feeders still require different amounts of maintenance. If you opt for a traditional bottle-style model then aim to change out its contents every 3-5 days – especially during peak season when birds flock around them in search of extra energy sources. On the other hand, hanging baskets or trays require less upkeep since their open design allows for quick draining and cleaning between refills. Just remember though; whichever style you choose needs to stay clean or else it could risk attracting unwanted pests or diseases into your yard. Keeping up with regular sanitation practices ensures both safety and satisfaction from any visiting hummers!

Are Hummingbirds Native To Arizona?

Are hummingbirds native to Arizona? This is a question that many bird-lovers ask. It’s important for us to know which birds are naturally present in our backyard, so we can appreciate them and provide the best care possible if they become part of our lives.

Hummingbirds have been found all over North America, including the state of Arizona. There are several species of hummingbird that live in this region year-round, such as the black-chinned, Anna’s, Costa’s and broad-billed hummingbird. Some other common types of hummingbird migrate through Arizona during certain times of the year; these include rufous, calliope and Allen’s hummingbirds. The presence of these birds depends on local weather conditions and food sources available at the time.

In short, yes – hummingbirds are native to Arizona! Birdwatchers can enjoy spotting different kinds throughout the state when they take seasonal migratory routes or choose to stay put in their chosen habitat during winter months. With an understanding of what kind of species you may encounter near you, it’s easy to plan activities like setting up feeders or even taking a camping trip out into nature with binoculars in hand!

How Can I Tell The Difference Between Hummingbird Species In Arizona?

When trying to identify a species of hummingbird, there are some key characteristics you should look for. Body size and shape can be used as an initial indicator, with larger birds generally being more easily distinguished from smaller ones. The coloration will also provide clues—nesting males tend to have brighter feathers than females. Additionally, the rate at which they fly and their call can help distinguish between different hummingbirds in Arizona.

The best way to tell the difference is by close observation of each species’ behavior in its natural habitat. You may find that certain types prefer feeding on specific flowers or plants, while others like to hover around particular areas where insects appear often. By making note of these behaviors, along with other details such as feather patterning, it becomes easier to narrow down your choices and accurately determine what type of hummingbird you’re looking at. With patience and practice, birdwatchers can eventually become experts in identifying different species found throughout Arizona.


I. In conclusion, Arizona is home to many species of hummingbirds. With a few simple steps, anyone can create an inviting backyard habitat for these beautiful birds. To get started, you’ll need the right kind of feeders and plenty of nectar to keep them coming back. Refill your feeders regularly and watch as these tiny creatures flutter around in search of food.

II. While it’s fun to observe the different varieties of hummingbirds that call Arizona home, it’s important to remember they are native here! As such, we should take care when setting up our yard habitats so we don’t disrupt their natural environment or cause them harm. And if you’re looking to identify specific species, pay attention to coloration and size differences among the birds that visit your garden.

III. Hummingbirds bring a lot of joy into people’s lives; with just a little effort and planning on my part I can attract some into my own backyard and enjoy watching them from season to season!