Most Common Birds in Brazil

We’re delighted to share with you the most frequent birds of Brazil, complete with visuals and essential information. Every bit of data has been sourced from reliable sources and confirmed by an Ornithologist for accuracy.

Great Kiskadee

Great Kiskadee

Great Kiskadee is a species of bird found in Brazil. It is noted for its distinctive call, which sounds like “Great Kiskadee”. The Great Kiskadee has a unique mix of yellow and black feathers that make it stand out from other birds native to the region.

This species typically feeds on insects, lizards, frogs, and small fish. It is a member of the tyrant flycatcher family and can be found in tropical and subtropical habitats throughout Brazil. The Great Kiskadee is an important part of maintaining healthy ecosystems as it helps to control insect populations. They also provide an important food source for larger predators like birds of prey and snakes.

Despite its colorful plumage, the Great Kiskadee is often overlooked in Brazil due to its relatively small size compared to other birds in the area. Still, it is an important part of the Brazilian wild birds and should be appreciated for its ecological role.

Great Kiskadee range map

Black-headed Berryeater

Black-headed Berryeater

(Carpornis melanocephala) is an endemic species of passerine bird found in Brazil. It belongs to the tanager family and is a medium-sized bird measuring 17–18 cm in length. The head, wings and tail are black while the throat and belly are bright yellow. Its back, flanks and rump are chestnut-brown with a blueish tinge.

The Black-headed Berryeater is mainly found in montane forests of south eastern Brazil and feeds on berries, insects and larvae. It typically forms pairs or small groups that forage together. Nests are built high up in tree branches and clutches consist of two to three eggs which are incubated for a period of 14 days.

The Black-headed Berryeater is listed as Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) though it is threatened by deforestation, illegal logging, and human disturbance. Conservation efforts are in place to protect its habitat including the creation of reserves and national parks.

Black-headed Berryeater range map

Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant

Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant

(Myiornis ecaudatus) is an endemic species of bird found in Brazil. It is mainly found in the Amazon, Cerrado, and Caatinga regions where it has adapted to a wide range of habitats ranging from humid lowland forests to dry savannas. Its diet consists mainly of insects, but it will also take some fruits and leaves. It is a fairly common species, but its population has been declining due to deforestation and habitat loss.

The Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant is a small flycatcher of 9–10 cm long and weighing only 7–9 gm. The male is mostly black with white streaks on his wings and a white tip on his tail. The female is grayish-brown with some white streaking and a grayish-white throat.

The Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant breeds during the wet season, typically between December and April. It builds its nest in a hole in a tree or bank, using bits of bark and spider webs to construct a cup-shaped nest. It lays two or three eggs which are pale blue with reddish brown spots.

The Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant is considered of the least concern by BirdLife International due to its large range and stable population. However, it is threatened by habitat destruction and fragmentation caused by deforestation, as well as by hunting and trapping for the pet trade. Conservation efforts are needed to ensure the long-term survival of this species in Brazil.

This species can be seen in several nature reserves and national parks across Brazil, including the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park in Goias and the Jaú National Park in Amazonas. With its striking black and white plumage, the Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant is an intriguing species to look for when exploring Brazil’s diverse birdlife.

Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant range map

Hook-billed Hermit

Hook-billed Hermit

(Glaucis dohrnii) is a hummingbird species found in Brazil. It is endemic to the Atlantic Forest, ranging from northern Bahia state southwards to Rio Grande do Sul. The Hook-billed Hermit inhabits lowlands up to 1,400 m elevation and prefers semi-open areas with scattered trees, bushes, and shrubs.

It feeds mainly on the nectar of flowering shrubs and trees, as well as small insects and spiders. These birds have a slender downbent bill and orange-brown lower mandibles; males also have elongated central tail feathers that are held up in display during courtship. Breeding season for Hook-billed Hermit is from April to August.

The nest is a small cup of plant fibers and cobwebs, usually placed in the forks of trees. The female lays two white eggs per clutch and she alone incubates them for 12 to 16 days until they hatch. Both parents then feed the young until they fledge after 15 days and become independent. Although it has a large range, the Hook-billed Hermit is classified as Near Threatened due to ongoing habitat loss from agricultural and urban development. Conservation measures are in place to protect this species and its habitats.

This species is also known by a number of other names including Dohrn’s Hermit, Long-billed Hermit, and Orange-billed Hermit. It is a medium sized hummingbird with a total body length of 8 cm and a wingspan of 11 cm. The upperparts are bronze-green in color, while the underparts are pale yellow to orange.

Its most distinctive feature is its long, downcurved bill which is bright orange at the base. The tail is dark brown with white tips on the outermost feathers. Males have an iridescent blue-green throat patch and elongated central tail feathers, while females lack these features.

Hook-billed Hermit range map

Tropical Kingbirds

Tropical Kingbird

Tropical Kingbirds, a species found in Brazil, have recently been discovered to live in the Atlantic Forest, the most threatened tropical forest ecosystem of the Americas. The Kingbirds are an important part of this ecosystem and their presence shows that it is still possible for resilient wildlife to survive within it.

This discovery has given conservationists hope that other species may also find refuge in the Atlantic Forest. With the right support, these species can be given a fighting chance of surviving this threatened ecosystem and its many threats, such as deforestation, overhunting and climate change.

Research into the ecology of Tropical Kingbirds is ongoing; however it appears that their presence in the Atlantic Forest is due to its high levels of humidity, which provides them with the resources they need to survive. This indicates that preserving the Atlantic Forest is essential for safeguarding this species and its place in Brazil’s diverse ecology.

Conservation efforts are being made to protect the Atlantic Forest, such as protected areas, reforestation projects and education programs. These measures are crucial for ensuring the survival of this unique ecosystem and the species that depend on it, such as the Tropical Kingbird. In order to protect its future, we must work together to safeguard Brazil’s stunning natural heritage.

Tropical Kingbird range map

Tropical Mockingbirds

Tropical Mockingbird

Tropical Mockingbirds are a species of bird native to Brazil. They are typically found in tropical forests and wooded areas, where they feed on insects, fruits, and other small animals. The birds have distinctive gray-blue plumage with white markings on the wings and tail.

Tropical Mockingbirds exhibit fascinating behaviors unique to their species, including flocking together for protection and being very vocal. They are known for their variety of calls, including mimicking the sounds of other birds or animals. This species also has an interesting hunting technique; they will form large flocks and concentrate on a certain area, searching for food in trees, grasses, and bushes. In order to protect themselves from predators, they will also fly up and scatter in different directions.

Tropical Mockingbirds are an important part of the Brazilian ecosystem, providing food for other animals and helping to control insect populations. Unfortunately, due to deforestation and hunting, the population of these birds has been declining in recent years. Conservation efforts, such as protecting their habitats and enforcing regulations against hunting, are necessary to ensure the survival of this species. With the right measures in place, we can help keep Tropical Mockingbirds around for many generations to come.

Tropical Mockingbird range map

Rufous-Collared Sparrow

Rufous-collared Sparrow

Rufous-Collared Sparrows are a common sight in Brazil. Found mainly in grasslands and open woodlands, these birds can be seen foraging on the ground or perched atop shrubs. They have rusty-brown backs with white underparts, and their distinctive black “bib” stands out against the body of the bird. The species is active throughout the day and can be heard singing its cheerful chirps.

Rufous-Collared Sparrows are a vital part of the ecosystem in Brazil, since they feed on insects and seeds that would otherwise go to waste. They serve as an important food source for birds of prey such as hawks and owls, and help disperse native plant species by carrying their seeds in their digestive systems. It is thought that the species will continue to thrive in Brazil for many years to come.

Tragically, however, Rufous-Collared Sparrows are listed as vulnerable due to habitat destruction caused by human activity. As forests and grasslands are cleared for agricultural use or urban development, these birds lose vital foraging and nesting areas. Conservation efforts are needed to protect this species and its habitats in order to ensure their continued survival in Brazil.

Rufous-collared Sparrow range map

Smooth-billed Anis

Smooth-billed Ani

Smooth-billed Anis are found throughout Brazil, from the Amazon rainforest to the savannis of southern Brazil. These species are omnivores, meaning they feed on a variety of different plant and animal foods. They commonly eat insects, seeds, fruits, and berries. In addition to foraging for food on their own, these birds will also join mixed-species flocks of other insectivorous birds, such as vireos and woodcreepers. This behavior allows them to take advantage of a larger area for food resources and protection from predators.

The Smooth-billed Ani is a fairly common species that is seen in many areas of Brazil, however it is not considered threatened at this time. They are often found near human habitation, where they may take advantage of bird feeders and other food resources provided by humans. The Smooth-billed Ani is a mostly solitary species, however, during the breeding season, it may form small flocks to forage together. They are also known to roost in mixed-species colonies at night.

These birds are also known to perform courtship displays, including a special “bobbing” behavior where the male bows its head and spreads its wings. The Smooth-billed Ani is an important species to study in Brazil due to their presence in many different ecosystems.

Smooth-billed Ani range map

Blue-Gray Tanager

Blue-Gray Tanager

(Thraupis episcopus) is a species of passerine bird found in most parts of South America. It can be seen throughout Brazil, from the Amazon rainforest to the city parks of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The Blue-Gray Tanager is a common sight in open areas with trees or shrubs, such as urban parks, agricultural fields, and pastures.

This species has a medium-sized body with a short tail and long wings. The upperparts are predominantly a light blue-gray color while the throat, breast, and belly are yellowish-green. The rump is black and white barred, giving it its name “Blue-Gray Tanager”.

The Blue-Gray Tanager is a sociable species and can often be seen in large flocks. They feed mainly on fruits and insects, although they may occasionally take nectar from flowers. Breeding occurs throughout the year, with pairs constructing cup-shaped nests low in trees or shrubs. The female lays two to four eggs that are incubated by both parents.

Rufous-bellied Thrushes

Rufous-bellied Thrush

(Turdus rufiventris) are migratory birds of the thrush family native to Brazil. They can be seen in tropical and subtropical regions such as the Amazon Rainforest, Atlantic Forest, and Cerrado biome. They have bright orange or chestnut-colored bellies with gray back and wings. This species has a lively song and easily belongs to the most colorful birds of South America.

Rufous-bellied Thrushes are primarily insectivorous, feeding on spiders, beetles, caterpillars, and bugs. They also seasonally eat ripe fruit such as wild oranges and guavas. During the breeding season they form pairs that defend a territory and often feed their young at the same time.

Rufous-bellied Thrushes are threatened by deforestation and habitat loss, particularly from urban development. To mitigate this threat, it is important to protect existing areas of tropical forests that can provide suitable habitats for these birds.

Additionally, preserving native vegetation such as cacti and bromeliads, which are important food sources for these birds, can help in their conservation. Conservation efforts such as reforestation projects and supporting local communities who practice sustainable forestry can also help to maintain the existing population of Rufous-bellied Thrushes in Brazil.

Rufous-bellied Thrush range map


Tody-Flycatcher is a popular bird in Brazil. It is known for its beautiful plumage and sweet song. This small passerine bird is found throughout the country and is most often seen perching on shrubs or trees near woodland edges. Its call, a sharp chirp, is easily recognizable and has been described as sounding like a tiny bell ringing.

They feed primarily on insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates. They are monogamous birds and will often form strong pair bonds. Tody-Flycatchers can be seen throughout much of the year in Brazil but tend to migrate during the cooler months of June and July when food supplies become scarce.

The bright colors they display while perched make them a delight to watch, and their cheerful song is always a pleasant surprise. Whether you’re looking for a feathered friend in the city or out in nature, the Tody-Flycatcher is sure to bring a smile to your face. With its vibrant plumage and melodious call, it’s no wonder why this little bird has been a beloved part of the Brazilian landscape for so long.

White-winged Becard

White-winged Becard

(Pachyramphus polychopterus) is a species of bird native to Brazil. It belongs to the cotinga family, and is particularly adapted to life in tropical forests. This species has a long tail with white stripes near the tip, and its wings are decorated with white patches. The male White-winged Becard has a grey head and chest, while the female is more brownish in color.

This species can be found in southeastern Brazil, from Espírito Santo to Mato Grosso. Its habitat includes humid tropical forests, where it feeds on insects, fruit and small vertebrates. White-winged Becard usually forages close to the ground, but it has also been seen to perch in tall trees.

White-winged Becard is not considered to be threatened, however, its populations are believed to be declining due to habitat loss and degradation. Conservation measures are needed to ensure the long-term survival of this species in Brazil. In particular, there is a need for better management of the forest habitats it relies on.

This includes protection from deforestation, fire, and other disturbances, as well as maintaining suitable habitat structures and the richest bird diversities. In addition, the improvement of existing protected areas and the creation of new ones is essential for this species to survive in Brazil.

White-winged Becard range map

White-browed Purpletuft

White-browed Purpletuft

(Iodopleura isabellae) is a species of bird endemic to Brazil. It can be found in the Atlantic Forest biome, mainly concentrated in the states of Sergipe, Bahia, and Pernambuco.

This small passerine bird has olive-green upperparts and yellowish underparts with white tufts on the side of its neck. It has a short, hooked bill and long legs which allow it to move easily through dense undergrowth. Its diet consists mainly of insects, small fruits and berries.

White-browed Purpletuft is threatened by habitat destruction due to deforestation for agricultural expansion, urbanization and mining activities in the region. It is also threatened by the introduction of non-native species which compete for food and nesting sites. Conservation efforts include protection of remaining areas of the Atlantic Forest, controlling illegal deforestation, and creating artificial nest boxes for this species.

In Brazil, White-browed Purpletuft is listed as Vulnerable in the Brazilian List of Species Threatened with Extinction. Awareness campaigns, research and conservation measures are necessary for the survival of this species in its native habitat.

White-browed Purpletuft range map

Rufous-capped Nunlet

Rufous-capped Nunlet

Rufous-capped Nunlet is a species of bird endemic to Brazil. It is found in the Atlantic forest biome from northern Bahia south to Rio Grande do Sul and east to Santa Catarina. It inhabits humid forests and woodlands, as well as degraded areas with dense understory vegetation.

The diet of the Rufous-capped Nunlet consists mainly of small fruits, insects, and spiders. It is a solitary bird that has one brood per year. The female builds the nest in a fork of a tree or shrub at a height of up to 3 m (10 ft). The eggs are white with grey-brown spots and the incubation period is about 13 days.

This species is not considered threatened as its population is considered stable. However, threats may include habitat loss due to deforestation and the expansion of agricultural land throughout the range. Conservation efforts and awareness raising are necessary to ensure that this species can continue to thrive in Brazil.

Rufous-capped Nunlet range map

Brownish Elaenia

Brownish Elaeni

(Elaenia pelzelni) is a small passerine bird found in Brazil and other parts of Central and South America. It belongs to the flycatcher family and typically measures between 8–11 cm in length. The upperparts are grey-brown, fading to whitish on the belly and throat. Its face has a distinctive pattern of brownish-yellow stripes and the wings are dark brown with pale yellow fringes. It makes an array of high-pitched, squeaky calls that can easily be heard in its habitat.

This species is usually found in open woodlands, pastures, and scrubby areas near rivers or streams. In Brazil it roosts and nests in areas of dense vegetation. It feeds on small insects such as beetles, bugs, and flies that it captures in mid-air or from foliage. Breeding takes place between September and April when the female lays one to three eggs in a cup-shaped nest made of grasses and other plant fibers.

The male is responsible for most of the nest-building, incubation and feeding of the young birds. Brownish Elaenia are common in Brazil and can usually be seen all year round. Its populations are considered stable and it is not currently considered threatened by conservationists.

The Brownish Elaenia is a beautiful and fascinating bird species found in Brazil, making it a popular visitor to many of Brazil’s parks and gardens. Its bright colors and melodic calls are sure to delight any nature lover!

Brownish Elaenia range map

Southern Lapwings

Southern Lapwing

Southern Lapwings (also known as the Andean Lapwing) are a species of bird native to Brazil. They live in grasslands and open habitats, often near rivers or streams. Their diet consists mainly of insects, worms, berries and seeds.

Southern Lapwings have an interesting courtship behavior: when they’re looking for a mate, both sexes will perform a ritualized dance to attract each other. During this courtship dance, the male will lift his wings and show off the white band on them. This behavior is thought to be an adaptation to protect their eggs from predators, as it makes it harder for potential predators to spot them in their grassy habitats.

Southern Lapwings are endangered due to habitat destruction and hunting. Conservation efforts are needed in order to ensure that these beautiful birds survive for future generations. Conservationists are working to protect their habitats by setting up wildlife reserves, and encouraging locals to practice sustainable farming practices. By protecting their habitat, we can help ensure the survival of the Southern Lapwing for years to come.

Southern Lapwing range map

Greater Rhea

Greater Rhea

(Rhea Americana) is a large flightless bird that is found in Brazil. It inhabits open and semi-open grassland areas, savannas, and shrublands which are mainly located in the central region of the country. The Greater Rhea is an omnivore species, eating fruits, vegetables, small vertebrates such as lizards, and insects. It also plays an important role in the maintenance of grassland ecosystems, consuming large amounts of vegetation and dispersing seeds that can germinate in new environments.

The Greater Rhea is listed as a vulnerable species due to ongoing habitat loss caused by deforestation, conversion of land for agricultural purposes, and hunting pressure. Conservation efforts in Brazil are aiming to protect this species and its habitat, since it is a valuable part of the country’s biodiversity.

Greater Rhea range map

White-banded Swallow

White-banded Swallow

White-banded Swallow is a common bird species that can be found across Brazil in open and semi-open habitats. It is characterized by its white-banded wings, glossy blue-black upperparts, and rufous throat, chest and underparts. These birds have a pale bill with black legs and feet.

White-banded Swallows typically feed on flying insects such as beetles, ants and grasshoppers. They can be seen hawking for insects over open fields, marshes and rivers. During breeding season they form large nesting colonies in cliffs near water sources. In Brazil, nests are typically made of mud on rocky cliffs or mountain ledges.

White-banded Swallows are usually found in small family groups and are known to migrate south during the winter months. They can be seen migrating along the coast of Brazil, stopping at various wetlands, rivers and lagoons to rest and feed before continuing on their journey.

The White-banded Swallow is an important avian species, providing food for many local species of birds and animals. It is also a beautiful bird to observe, and can be enjoyed by many people in Brazil. Therefore, it is essential that their habitats remain well-protected to ensure their survival.

White-banded Swallow range map

Scarlet Macaws

Scarlet Macaw

Scarlet Macaws (Ara macao) are native to Brazil and can be found in the Amazon Rainforest. They are bright red, yellow, and blue birds with long tails. The Scarlet Macaw feeds on nuts, seeds, fruits, insects, small lizards and other small creatures.

These stunning birds live in large flocks, and they build their nests high up in the trees. During breeding season, Scarlet Macaws perform elaborate courtship displays that involve soaring through the air and lock-hooting calls to attract a mate.

Scarlet Macaws are highly threatened due to habitat loss caused by deforestation, as well as illegal trapping for the pet trade. Conservation efforts are needed to protect these beautiful birds and their habitats. This includes protecting the remaining forested areas, as well as creating programs to educate local communities about conservation and sustainable practices. Doing so will help ensure that Scarlet Macaws remain a part of Brazil’s rich biodiversity for generations to come.

Scarlet Macaw range map

The Great Kiskadee

Great Kiskadee

The Great Kiskadee, native to Brazil, is a species of passerine bird. The medium-sized bird is known for its distinctive orange, black and white patterned plumage. It also has an easily recognizable call which sounds like “kis kis KA dee.”

The Great Kiskadee is found commonly in open woodlands, forest edges and even suburban areas. It is considered a generalist omnivore, feeding on fruits, insects and small vertebrates such as frogs, lizards and nestlings of other birds. The species also plays an important role in the control of insect populations by consuming large numbers of beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers.

The Great Kiskadee lays its eggs in a small cup-shaped nest, built from twigs and leaves. The female incubates the eggs for around two weeks, after which the chicks fledge.

The Great Kiskadee is considered to be a sociable bird, often seen congregating in groups of up to 20 individuals. It is also known to be quite vocal, producing a variety of calls for communication.

Great Kiskadee range map

What is Brazil’s famous bird?

The Great Kiskadee! This beautiful species is native to Brazil and can be found in open woodlands, forest edges and even suburban areas. It is known for its distinctive orange, black and white patterned plumage and easily recognizable call of “kis kis KA dee.” The Great Kiskadee is also an important insect predator, eating large numbers of beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers.

The species is sociable and often seen congregating in groups of up to 20 individuals. It builds a cup-shaped nest from twigs and leaves for its eggs, which it incubates for around two weeks before the chicks fledge.

What types of birds live in Brazil?

Brazil is home to a wide variety of birds, from large macaws and toucans in the tropical rainforest to flocks of parrots and hummingbirds in the open fields. The country also has a large variety of waterfowl, such as flamingos, herons, ibises, ducks, geese and many more. In addition, Brazil is home to a wide variety of shorebirds, such as sandpipers and plovers.

Of the more than 1,700 species of birds that have been recorded in Brazil, several species are endemic including some toucans and hummingbirds. The country’s main bird sanctuaries are located in Minas Gerais and in the Pantanal wetland, where thousands of migratory birds can be seen each year. Brazil also has a great diversity of raptors, from the small pygmy owls to the impressive harpy eagle.

What is Brazil’s national bird?

Brazil’s national bird is the Rufous-bellied Thrush (Turdus rufiventris). This species can be found throughout the country in forests, woodlands, and even gardens. It is largely olive-brown with a distinctive deep reddish chest and belly, which gives it its name.

The Rufous-bellied Thrush is a common sight in Brazil and can often be seen foraging for food on the ground or perched on branches. It is an important part of the country’s avian biodiversity and, as such, has been declared its national bird. As a symbol, it represents beauty, strength, resilience, and adaptability — all qualities that are celebrated in Brazil.

What is the most colorful bird in Brazil?

The most colorful bird in Brazil is the Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). This large, majestic parrot is easily recognized by its bright blue feathers, intense yellow facial markings and unique frontal crest. It’s also the largest parrot in the world, with some specimens having wingspans of up to one meter. The Hyacinth Macaw can be found in the tropical forests of northern and central Brazil, where it feeds on fruits and nuts from palm trees.

It’s a popular bird among birdwatchers due to its stunning colors and impressive size. Unfortunately, however, it is an endangered species due to habitat loss caused by deforestation. Therefore, the Hyacinth Macaw serves as an important symbol of conservation for Brazil.

What is the rarest bird in Brazil?

The rarest bird in Brazil is the Spix’s Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii). This species of parrot was believed to be possibly extinct in the wild until a small population was discovered living in northern Brazil in the 1990s. Its numbers have been dwindling since then, and it is now considered one of the rarest birds on Earth. The Spix’s Macaw has striking blue feathers with white patches around its eyes and on its wings. It feeds mainly on fruits, nuts, and seeds, and nests in dead wood or oil palms.