Most Common Birds in Spain

Let us delve into the fascinating world of avian life in Spain! With pictures and accurate data, we will show you the most common birds seen here. This information has been sourced only from dependable sources and is fully supported by an Ornithologist.

Common Wood Pigeon

Common Wood-Pigeon

(Columba palumbus) is a species of bird native to Spain. It belongs to the Columbidae family, which also includes doves and other pigeons. The Common Wood Pigeon feeds mainly on grains, berries, and insects. It is found in both rural and urban areas and can often be seen perching in trees or flying in flocks. The Common Wood Pigeon is easily recognized by its large size, bluish grey body, and white patches on the neck and wings. It has a distinctive red patch at the base of its beak.

The Common Wood Pigeon is an important part of Spanish culture and history; it appears in many traditional stories and legends. The bird is also featured in the national coat of arms and has been used as a symbol for Spanish unity. The Common Wood Pigeon is an important part of the ecosystem, providing food for other animals and helping to disperse seeds which promote plant growth. It has a vital role in maintaining healthy ecosystems and its population needs to be protected from human impacts.

Conservation efforts should focus on preserving habitats and providing food sources for the Common Wood Pigeon. By protecting this species, we can ensure that it remains a vital part of Spanish culture and history into the future.

Common Wood-Pigeon range map

Blackbird (Turdus Merula)

Eurasian Blackbird

Blackbird (Turdus Merula) is a migratory species of thrush that is commonly found in Spain. It can usually be seen foraging for insects and worms in fields, meadows, parks, and gardens throughout the country. The male has a glossy black plumage with yellow eyes, while the female is brown with pale barring across her wings. Blackbirds tend to nest in trees and shrubs, with the female building a deep cup-shaped nest of twigs, grass, and feathers.

Blackbirds are typically seen either alone or in small groups. They will often feed on fruits such as blueberries and cherries during the spring and summer months. The song of the blackbird is a pleasant sound that can be enjoyed throughout the year. During the winter, they may gather in flocks of up to several hundred individuals in search of food and shelter.

Blackbirds are protected under Spanish law and are considered a significant species due to their role in controlling insect populations. As such, it is important to protect their nesting grounds and provide food sources to ensure their continued survival. With just a little effort, we can make sure that the blackbird remains a common sight in Spain for many years to come.

Eurasian Blackbird range map

Goldfinch (Carduelis Carduelis)

European Goldfinch

Goldfinch is a small and colourful bird that can be found in Spain. This species is easily recognizable by its distinctive yellow-orange plumage and long, forked tail, with black wings. The goldfinch is often seen flitting among bushes and trees in search of nectar or insect larvae to eat. It will also feed on grain or seeds scattered on the ground.

During the breeding season, the male goldfinch will display its feathers in an impressive courtship display, hoping to attract a mate. The female lays three to five eggs in a cup-shaped nest made of grass and lined with soft feathers or animal fur. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs for about two weeks before they hatch.

Goldfinches have a very melodic call, which they use to communicate with one another. These birds are social creatures and can often be seen in large flocks. If you’re lucky enough to spot a goldfinch in Spain, make sure to take the time to appreciate its beautiful plumage and song!

The conservation status of the goldfinch in Spain is currently least concern. However, it has experienced some declines due to habitat loss and fragmentation. In recent years, conservation efforts have been focused on protecting their habitats so that this species can continue to thrive in Spain. Several nature reserves have been established to protect the goldfinches’ breeding grounds, providing them with safe nesting sites and a plentiful food supply. With continued conservation efforts, the future of this delightful bird in Spain looks bright.

European Goldfinch range map

Black starling (Sturnus Unicolor)

Spotless Starling

It is one of the most widely distributed birds in Western Europe and can be observed throughout much of the Iberian Peninsula. The black starling typically inhabits open habitats such as grassland, agricultural land and scrubland, but it can also be seen in parks, gardens and woods.

It is a small, black-plumaged bird with a distinctive yellow bill and legs. It feeds mainly on seeds, but will also eat insects and other invertebrates. The black starling is an important part of the Spanish ecosystem, as it helps control insect populations and aids in the dispersal of plant species. Its presence has been shown to boost biodiversity and it has a positive effect on the environment. The black starling is also an important cultural symbol in Spain, featured prominently in literature and art.

In conclusion, the black starling is an important species in Spain, both ecologically and culturally. It provides essential services to the natural environment and plays an important role in Spanish culture. Its presence is essential for the health of the Spanish ecosystem and its conservation should be a priority.

Spotless Starling range map

Eurasian Collared Dove

Eurasian Collared-Doves

It was originally native to the temperate and tropical regions of Eurasia stretching from Europe to Japan, but it has since spread across the rest of the world through human assistance. In Spain, these birds can be seen foraging for food in gardens and parks or perched atop trees or telephone poles.

They are relatively small birds, reaching only 30 cm in length, and they have a wingspan of up to 50 cm. Their plumage is light grey or brownish-grey with black and white markings on their head and neck. They are primarily seed eaters but will also feed on fruits, berries, insects, and other small invertebrates. These birds mate for life, and their courtship displays involve cooing to each other.

They are also known to make a variety of noises such as whistling, clicking, and purring. Eurasian Collared Doves are monogamous and will often return to the same nesting site year after year. Their nests are usually made of twigs and grass and are built on low-lying trees and bushes. They can lay up to six eggs at a time, which take between 14 and 18 days to hatch. In Spain, these birds can be found in both rural and urban areas but they prefer open habitats such as fields or parks. They have adapted well to human presence, often nesting near buildings and homes.

Although they are not hunted or persecuted, their population numbers have been decreasing in recent years due to loss of habitat and competition with other birds such as crows and pigeons. Despite these challenges, the Eurasian Collared Dove remains a common sight in Spanish cities, towns, and villages.

Eurasian Collared Dove range map1

Eurasian Wren

Eurasian Wren1

(Troglodytes troglodytes) are a common species of small passerine birds in Spain. These birds inhabit a variety of habitats, from woodlands and meadows to urban areas. They feed mostly on insects and spiders as well as seeds, fruits and berries. Eurasian Wrens breed throughout the year with two broods of chicks typically occurring during the summer months. They make their nests in cavities or crevices, using moss and grasses to line them.

These birds have a loud, distinctive song which is used for territorial purposes as well as to attract mates. Eurasian Wrens are an important species for controlling insect pests such as caterpillars and aphids, making them a beneficial presence in gardens and agricultural areas. With their distinctive songs and bold colours, Eurasian Wrens are an integral part of the Spanish landscape.

Despite their prevalence, ongoing urban development is threatening the habitats of these birds. Pollution from traffic as well as destruction of natural habitats can put populations of Eurasian Wrens at risk. It is important that we take steps to protect these birds and their habitats if we are to ensure their continued presence in Spain. This may include creating artificial nesting sites or protecting key areas from development. With careful management, it is possible for us to maintain healthy populations of Eurasian Wrens in Spain for generations to come.

Eurasian Wren range map1

Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Jay is a species of bird that can be found in Spain. It is easily recognized by its grey-blue plumage, white belly and reddish brown crest on its head. As an omnivore, the Eurasian Jay feeds mainly on seeds, acorns, insects, small reptiles and flowers. Its range in Spain covers the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic Islands and some parts of the Cantabrian Mountains.

It is a resident species, meaning it does not migrate or travel far from its home territory. The Eurasian Jay is an important part of Spain’s wildlife, as it helps to maintain a healthy balance in the natural environment by serving as both predator and prey for other animals. As a result, it is considered a conservation-worthy species in Spain.

Due to threats such as habitat destruction, the Eurasian Jay’s population has been declining since the mid-1990s and efforts have been made to protect them and their habitats. In addition to being protected by Spanish law, the Eurasian Jay is also listed as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.

Eurasian Jay range map


European Robin

Robins are a common sight in Spain, and they make their homes just about anywhere. Whether it’s the roof of an old city building or the branches of a tall tree, these happy birds are always on the move. In addition to being found in urban areas, robins can also be seen throughout rural parts of Spain, flitting from bush to bush in search of food.

They have distinct orange-red breast, and they often build their nests near people’s homes in order to stay safe from predators. Due to their friendly nature, Robins are considered one of the most beloved birds in Spain. To many Spanish people, seeing a robin is a reminder that spring is on its way!

Robins are also known for their beautiful singing, which can be heard early in the morning and at dusk. They have a wide range of songs, designed to attract mates during the breeding season and warn other birds away from their territory. Many people enjoy the peaceful sound of these cheerful birds, making them an important part of Spanish culture.

Robins are important members of the Spanish ecosystem, helping to spread seeds and pollinate plants. They also eat insects that can damage crops, making them beneficial for farmers. Because of their importance, it’s important to make sure that robins remain protected from harm in Spain. Protecting and preserving their natural habitats is one way we can ensure that these birds remain a part of the Spanish landscape for generations to come.

European Robin range map

House Sparrows

House Sparrow

(Passer domesticus) are one of the most wide-ranging and common birds in Spain. In fact, they are present throughout the country and can often be seen in both urban and rural areas. They typically inhabit open woodland and grassland habitats but are also common visitors to gardens and parks.

House Sparrows prefer to feed on the ground, where they can find a variety of seeds and grains, particularly from cultivated crops. They are highly social birds that nest in colonies, often quite close to human habitations. Their abundance means that House Sparrows are an important part of the Spanish ecosystem, providing food for various predators and dispersing plants through their droppings.

Although their numbers have been declining in recent years, House Sparrows remain a familiar sight in Spain. They are identified by their grey and shiny black or brown feathers, white cheeks, and chestnut-coloured nape. While they may not be as colourful or distinctive as other birds, their presence is a reminder of the diversity of wildlife that continues to thrive throughout Spain.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus range map

European Green Woodpecker

European Green Woodpecker

Green Woodpeckers are a species of bird commonly found in Spain. They are generally found in open woodlands, along dense forests, and on scrubland. The Green Woodpecker is larger than the more common Great Spotted Woodpecker, averaging 40 cm in length with wingspan around 63 cm. Their plumage is mainly green with reddish-brown spots, a white throat and blackish-brown tail. They have distinctive red crests and are known for their loud, cackling call.

Green Woodpeckers feed mainly on ants, but they also eat other insects, berries, small reptiles, and amphibians. They often use their long tongues to extract the ant larvae from deep within ant nests. They are also known to feed on suet and peanuts put out by bird-watchers in Spain.

The Green Woodpecker is an important part of the Spanish biodiversity, providing various ecosystem services such as pest control, soil aeration and seed dispersal. They are a protected species under the EU Wildlife Directive and their populations are thought to be declining due to habitat loss and fragmentation. Conservation measures are being taken to help protect this species and its habitats in Spain.

European Green Woodpecker range map

Great Spotted Woodpecker

great spotted woodpeckers

It is an impressive, medium-sized bird with striking black and white feathers. The male has a red patch on the back of its neck which makes it easily recognizable.

Its diet consists mainly of insects, as well as fruits, nuts and seeds. This nesting bird nests in dead wood and can be seen foraging in forests and parks. Great Spotted Woodpeckers can be found in many parts of Spain, from the Pyrenees to Andalusia.

They are a common sight along wooded riverbanks and on city parks. It is an exciting bird to watch as it drums on trees with its strong bill, searching for insects within the bark. It is a highly intelligent bird and often uses its long tongue to reach deep into crevices.

It even has the ability to mimic sounds, using them to attract mates or deter predators. Great Spotted Woodpeckers are an important part of Spain’s biodiversity and are considered a species of special conservation importance in Europe. Spanish conservationists are working hard to protect the species and its habitats, ensuring that it remains a part of Spain’s natural heritage for years to come.

Great Spotted Woodpecker range map

Carrion Crow

Carrion Crow

(Corvus corone) is a species of bird commonly found in Spain. It has a black plumage and bright yellow eyes, and lives mainly on the ground in open habitats such as fields, grasslands and roadsides. Carrion Crow often scavenges for carrion, which is one of the main sources of food for this species. It is also known to take small rodents, eggs and invertebrates. Carrion Crows are highly adaptable birds, and can be found in urban areas as well as agricultural lands. They form large congregations during the breeding season, where they sing a loud and far-carrying song. These birds have an impressive range of vocalizations that may be used to signal threats or attract mates. Carrion Crow is an important scavenger in Spain, as it helps clear away carrion and other organic materials that would otherwise decay and produce unpleasant odors. As such, these birds are considered beneficial by many people living near them. Additionally, its strong social behavior makes the species a valuable model for studying bird behavior and ecology.

Carrion Crow range map

Tawny Owl

Tawny Owl

The tawny owl is a familiar bird in Spain, where it can be seen at night perched high on a tree or flying low over fields hunting for small mammals. It nests in tree cavities and natural hollows, but may sometimes use nest boxes. Its loud call of ‘to-wit’ is often heard during the night. It feeds mainly on small mammals such as voles, mice, and rabbits, but also takes birds and some insects when available. During the day it roosts in a tree hole or thick vegetation. It is found throughout Spain except in the high mountains. Its population has remained stable despite most of its former woodland habitats being converted to agricultural land.

As a result, it is not considered at risk of extinction in Spain. Its conservation status should nonetheless be monitored to ensure its future survival. In addition, owners of land where suitable habitat for tawny owls exists can help by providing nest boxes and allowing their woodlands to remain undisturbed during the nesting season. This will provide safe places for the owls to nest and raise their young, thus helping to ensure the continued presence of this beautiful species in Spain.

Tawny Owl range map

Serin (Serinus Serinus)

European Serin

Serin is a species of wild finch native to Spain. It is a small bird with an average length of about 5 inches, and is usually found in open fields, gardens, and urban areas. The upperparts of the serin are grayish-brown, while the underparts are yellowish-white. The wings have black and white stripes on them, and the tail is plain white. The bill of the serin is black and conical in shape.

The serin typically feeds on a variety of seeds, grains, fruits, and insects. It may also forage for food in small shrubs or trees. This species usually nests in shrubs or trees near open fields from March through June. The female builds the nest and incubates the eggs for about two weeks, while the male provides food for both parents and their offspring.

Serin is an important species in parts of Spain, as its presence can indicate a healthy environment. Sadly, however, due to habitat destruction, this species has been listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List. As such, conservation efforts are necessary in order to protect this species and its habitat. Such measures may include the protection of existing forests and grasslands, as well as the restoration of degraded areas. Additionally, it is important to reduce human disturbance near nesting sites in order to ensure populations remain healthy.

European Serin range map

White Wagtails

White Wagtail

(Motacilla alba) have been observed all over the country of Spain, from coast to mountain range. They prefer areas with rivers and streams, but they can also be found in coastal areas and even in urban parks. The winter months are when they become most visible, as they migrate from Northern Europe down to Southern Europe for the season.

White wagtails are known for their bold white wings, as well as their bright yellow belly and black head. They have an unusual flight pattern, flitting back and forth in short flights with quick wing beats. When they land on the ground, they often make a loud call to attract potential mates.

In Spain, White Wagtails are an important food source for many bird-eating raptors, like the Common Kestrel or the Eurasian Hobby. Foraging wagtails also provide vital nutrition to passerines and other insectivorous birds during migration seasons.

White Wagtails have been documented as a part of Spain’s wildlife since at least 1747, when they were first described by the famous Spanish naturalist, Francisco de Paula Montalbán. Since then, they have been an integral part of Spain’s unique avian ecosystem. They are a vital species for the country and are protected under various conservation laws. If you ever visit Spain, make sure to look out for these beautiful birds!

White Wagtail range map

What birds do they have in Spain?

Spain is home to a wide variety of birds, including both migratory and resident species. Some of the most commonly seen birds in Spain include the Common Chaffinch, Eurasian Hoopoe, Rock Dove, European Robin, Red Kite, White Stork, Great Spotted Woodpecker and many more. Additionally, there are numerous water birds that can be found in wetlands, lagoons, estuaries and other wet areas throughout Spain. These include species such as the Great White Egret, Eurasian Marsh Harrier, Mallard Duck and more. Finally, there are numerous seabirds to be seen along Spain’s Mediterranean coastline including Gannets, Pelicans, Cormorants, and gulls.

What is a Spanish bird called?

The national bird of Spain is the Spanish Imperial Eagle or Aquila Adalberti. It’s found in most mountainous regions throughout the country, from the Pyrenees down to Andalusia. The species is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List due to its small population size and continuing decline. Its preferred habitat is the tall pines and cork oaks found in Spain’s dehesas. The Spanish Imperial Eagle is a large bird of prey, with adults having dark brown feathers and yellow eyes.

It feeds mainly on small mammals such as hares and rabbits. Conservation efforts are being undertaken to help protect this species, including captive breeding programs and habitat restoration. With the right care and attention, it is hoped that the population of Spanish Imperial Eagles can be maintained.

What birds are native to Barcelona?

The city of Barcelona in Spain is home to a variety of native birds, including many species of finches, blue tits, great tits, wagtails and greenfinches. Additionally, the area also hosts several types of raptors like the common kestrel, peregrine falcon, and hobby hawk. Other bird species often seen in Barcelona are the Eurasian magpie, hooded crow, common blackbird, and barn swallow. In addition to these birds, there are also numerous migratory species like warblers and thrushes that can be observed during the winter months.

The Mediterranean coast of Barcelona is a popular destination for many migrating shorebirds as well. These birds can be seen in wetlands, salt marshes, and sand dunes. Barcelona’s parks, including Parc de la Ciutadella and Forum Park, are also home to a variety of birds that can easily be spotted by birdwatchers. All in all, Barcelona is an ideal destination for birders who want to explore the diverse bird life of Spain.

Are parrots native to Spain?

Parrots are not typically found in the wild in Spain, but there have been some sightings of parakeets such as the monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) and rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), both of which are non-native species. These birds were likely introduced by humans and have established wild populations in certain areas. There are also some captive parrots that can be found living with bird-lovers throughout Spain.

However, it is important to note that it is illegal to capture or keep parrots from the wild in Spain without a special permit. As such, it is not recommended to keep parrots in Spain without the proper permits. Nevertheless, parrots are still an interesting sight to behold in Spain and can be seen in some areas of Barcelona.

Globally threatened species in Spain

Spain is home to a number of globally threatened species, including the Spanish Imperial Eagle, Iberian Lynx and Mediterranean Monk Seal. Additionally, several migratory bird species are also threatened due to habitat loss and other environmental factors. These include the Audouin’s Gull, Lesser Kestrel, Great Bustard, Little Tern and Black-winged Pratincole.

Conservation efforts are being made to help protect these species and preserve their habitats in order to ensure their future survival. In addition, several reserves have been created throughout Spain to provide sanctuary for a number of globally threatened species. With continued conservation efforts, it is hoped that these species will be able to recover and thrive in the future.

As a result, it is important that we all work together to help protect Spain’s threatened species and their habitats so that they can continue to exist for generations to come. Only by working together will we be able to ensure the survival of these unique and amazing species.