An image showcasing Missouri's vibrant birdlife: a vivid blue Eastern Bluebird perched on a flowering dogwood tree, while a majestic Bald Eagle soars overhead against a backdrop of rolling green hills and a tranquil river

Birds of Missouri

Are you curious about the diverse avian species that inhabit Missouri? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of birds in the Show-Me State.

From the vibrant American Robin and the majestic Northern Cardinal to the peaceful Mourning Dove and the elegant Great Blue Heron, Missouri offers a rich variety of feathered friends to observe.

Get ready to embark on an enlightening journey through the captivating world of Missouri’s birds.

Key Takeaways

  • The state of Missouri is home to a variety of common birds such as the American Robin, Northern Cardinal, Mourning Dove, American Goldfinch, and Blue Jay.
  • Woodpeckers found in Missouri include the Downy Woodpecker and Red-bellied Woodpecker.
  • Other native birds in Missouri include the House Finch, House Sparrow, Tufted Titmouse, Eastern Bluebird, White-breasted Nuthatch, Red-winged Blackbird, Common Grackle, and American Crow.
  • Missouri is also home to water birds such as the Canada Goose, Mallard, Belted Kingfisher, and Great Blue Heron.

American Robin

An image capturing the vibrant presence of an American Robin, perched on a blossoming dogwood branch, its chest adorned with a fiery orange plumage that contrasts against the lush green leaves in the background

You should watch out for the American Robin in your backyard because they can eat a large number of insects.

The American Robin, also known as Turdus migratorius, is a common sight throughout Missouri. They prefer habitats with open lawns, gardens, and woodlands. These birds have a distinct reddish-orange breast, grayish-brown back, and a white eye-ring.

American Robins are known for their unique breeding habits. They build cup-shaped nests made of mud and grass, often found on tree branches or ledges. Female robins lay 3-5 blue eggs and both parents take turns incubating them. Once the chicks hatch, the parents tirelessly feed them a diet of worms, insects, and fruits.

The American Robin is a fascinating bird that plays an important role in controlling insect populations in your backyard ecosystem.

Northern Cardinal

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of a male Northern Cardinal perched on a snow-covered branch, its fiery red plumage contrasting against the white background, showcasing the iconic bird of Missouri

Be sure to look for the Northern Cardinal in your backyard, as it is known for its vibrant red plumage and melodious song. This beautiful bird, scientifically known as Cardinalis cardinalis, is a common sight across Missouri and throughout the eastern United States. The Northern Cardinal is easily identifiable with its bright red feathers, crest on its head, and black mask around its eyes. It prefers habitats such as woodlands, gardens, and shrubby areas, where it can find ample cover and a variety of food sources. Behavioral characteristics of the Northern Cardinal include territorial behavior, with males often defending their territory by singing loudly. They are also monogamous, forming long-term pair bonds. Observing these stunning birds in your backyard can bring joy and excitement to your day.

Size8.3-9.3 inches (21-23.5 cm)
Weight1.5-1.7 ounces (42-48 grams)
LifespanUp to 15 years
DietSeeds, fruits, insects, and grains

Mourning Dove

An image of a delicate, slate-gray Mourning Dove perched on a tree branch amidst blooming dogwood flowers, its soft feathers catching the warm rays of the Missouri sun

Spotting a few Mourning Doves in your backyard can add a peaceful ambiance to your day. These graceful birds, scientifically known as Zenaida macroura, are common throughout North America, including Missouri. Mourning doves are known for their distinctive cooing sound, which can often be heard at dawn and dusk.

When it comes to nesting habits, these birds typically build their nests in trees or shrubs, using twigs, grass, and leaves. They often choose locations that provide some protection from predators.

As for migration patterns, most Mourning Doves in Missouri are year-round residents. However, some individuals do migrate to southern regions during the winter months.

Understanding the nesting habits and migration patterns of Mourning Doves can help you appreciate these beautiful birds even more.

American Goldfinch

An image capturing the vibrant elegance of the American Goldfinch amidst a lush Missouri meadow

Have you ever heard the cheerful song of an American Goldfinch during a summer afternoon picnic? These vibrant yellow birds, often found in meadows, gardens, and open woodlands, are known for their distinctive song and beautiful plumage. American Goldfinches have specific habitat preferences, favoring areas with abundant thistle plants for food and nesting. They can also be found in weedy fields and along roadsides.

During breeding season, male goldfinches showcase their bright yellow plumage to attract females. They engage in a unique breeding behavior called ‘undulating flight,’ where males fly in a roller coaster-like pattern, accompanied by their melodious song. This behavior serves to court females and establish territories. Additionally, American Goldfinches are monogamous and typically mate for life.

Their breeding habits and habitat preferences make them a fascinating species to observe and study.

Blue Jay

An image capturing the majestic Blue Jay of Missouri in its natural habitat

Do you ever hear the raucous call of a Blue Jay while walking through the park? These strikingly beautiful birds are a common sight in Missouri, known for their vibrant blue feathers and distinctive crest. Blue Jays are not only known for their calls, but also for their interesting migration patterns and nesting habits.

Blue Jay Migration Patterns

Blue Jays are considered partial migrants, which means that some individuals migrate while others stay in their breeding territory year-round. The migration patterns of Blue Jays vary depending on factors such as food availability and weather conditions. In general, Blue Jays from northern regions tend to migrate south in winter, while those from southern regions may stay put or move to nearby locations.

Blue Jay Nesting Habits

Blue Jays are monogamous birds, meaning that they form long-term pair bonds. They build their nests in trees, usually on horizontal branches or in the forks of tree trunks. The nests are made of twigs, grass, and other plant materials, and are lined with softer materials such as feathers and moss. Blue Jays typically lay 4-6 eggs, which are incubated by both parents for about 17-18 days. Once the chicks hatch, they are fed by both parents until they are ready to leave the nest, which usually occurs after 17-21 days.

Migration PatternsNesting Habits
Partial migrantsMonogamous
Vary depending on factors such as food availability and weather conditionsBuild nests in trees, usually on horizontal branches or in the forks of tree trunks
Northern birds tend to migrate south in winterLay 4-6 eggs, incubated by both parents for about 17-18 days
Southern birds may stay put or move to nearby locationsChicks are fed by both parents until they are ready to leave the nest after 17-21 days

Downy Woodpecker

An image capturing the exquisite beauty of a Downy Woodpecker perched on a moss-covered branch, its black and white plumage contrasting with the vibrant green backdrop of a dense Missouri forest

You might be surprised to learn that the Downy Woodpecker is one of the most common woodpecker species in Missouri. Despite its small size, this bird exhibits fascinating characteristics and behavior that make it a remarkable species to observe.

Here are some key facts about the Downy Woodpecker:

  • Characteristics and behavior:

  • The Downy Woodpecker is only about 6-7 inches long, with a wingspan of approximately 10 inches.

  • It has a black and white plumage, with a white belly and black wings marked by white spots.

  • This woodpecker is known for its drumming behavior, using its bill to create rapid drumming sounds on tree trunks to communicate with other birds.

  • Habitat and distribution:

  • The Downy Woodpecker can be found in a variety of habitats such as forests, woodlands, parks, and even urban areas.

  • It’s widely distributed throughout Missouri and can also be found across North America.

  • This species prefers areas with a mix of open spaces and trees, as it relies on both for foraging and nesting.

Observing the Downy Woodpecker in its natural habitat can provide valuable insights into the fascinating characteristics and behavior of this common woodpecker species in Missouri.

House Finch

An image showcasing a vibrant male House Finch perched on a blooming Dogwood branch, its crimson plumage contrasting against the delicate pink flowers, capturing the beauty of these common Missouri birds

If you spot a House Finch in your backyard, it may be gathering nesting materials and singing a cheerful tune. House Finches are small, colorful birds native to North America. They can be found in a variety of habitats, including urban areas, forests, and grasslands. Their preferred habitat consists of shrubs and trees that provide both food and shelter.

House Finches are social birds and are often seen in small flocks. They have a varied diet, feeding on seeds, fruits, and insects. During the breeding season, male House Finches sing to attract mates and establish their territory. They build cup-shaped nests using grass, twigs, and other plant materials.

The female lays 3-5 eggs, which she incubates for about two weeks. Once the eggs hatch, both parents take turns feeding and caring for the chicks until they fledge.

Red-bellied Woodpecker

An image showcasing the vibrant Red-bellied Woodpecker perched on a gnarled tree trunk, its crimson crown contrasting against its black-and-white barred back, while it delicately drums for insects with its sturdy beak

You might see a pair of Red-bellied Woodpeckers in your backyard as they search for insects to feed their three hungry chicks. These medium-sized woodpeckers are known for their striking red cap, which is more prominent in males.

Red-bellied Woodpeckers are commonly found in forests, woodlands, and suburban areas with mature trees. They’ve adapted well to human presence and are often seen in parks and gardens.

The behavior of these woodpeckers is fascinating to observe. They use their strong bills to drum on trees, not only to establish territories but also to communicate with other woodpeckers. They also excavate cavities in trees for nesting and roosting. These cavities provide shelter for other birds and small mammals.

Understanding these woodpecker behaviors and their habitat requirements can help us create suitable environments for them to thrive.

House Sparrow

An image of a male House Sparrow perched on a weathered wooden fence, its chestnut-brown plumage vivid against a backdrop of lush green foliage, capturing the resilience and adaptability of this Missouri native bird

There’s no denying that the House Sparrow has become a ubiquitous presence in many urban areas across the United States.

This small bird, known scientifically as Passer domesticus, is native to Eurasia but was introduced to North America in the 19th century.

House Sparrows are highly adaptable and can be found in a wide range of habitats, including cities, suburbs, and agricultural areas. They’re opportunistic feeders, consuming a variety of seeds, grains, and insects.

House Sparrows are social birds, often seen in large flocks and nesting in colonies. They build their nests in crevices, such as tree cavities, building eaves, and nest boxes.

This species is known for its aggressive behavior, competing with native birds for resources and sometimes driving them out of their habitats. Despite their negative impact on native bird populations, the House Sparrow has successfully adapted to human-altered landscapes and continues to thrive in urban environments.

Tufted Titmouse

An image capturing the vibrant essence of a Tufted Titmouse in Missouri's lush woodlands - a small, gray bird with a pointed crest, distinctive black eyes, and a splash of rusty color on its sides

Take a moment to appreciate the beauty of the three tufted titmice perched on your backyard feeder. These small, active birds are native to Missouri and can be easily identified by their distinctive tufted crest and gray plumage.

Understanding the behavioral patterns, habitat, and diet preferences of tufted titmice can help us appreciate their presence in our environment.

Behavioral Patterns:

  • Tufted titmice are highly social birds and often seen in small groups. They communicate using various calls and songs.
  • They’re known for their acrobatic foraging behavior, hanging upside down to search for insects and seeds.
  • These birds are cavity nesters, often utilizing tree cavities or birdhouses for nesting.

Habitat and Diet Preferences:

  • Tufted titmice inhabit mixed woodlands, forest edges, and suburban areas with mature trees.
  • They’ve a varied diet, including insects, seeds, nuts, and berries. They’re also known to cache food for later consumption.

Carolina Chickadee

An image capturing the enchanting scene of a Carolina Chickadee perched on a moss-covered branch, its vibrant plumage contrasting with the lush green background of a Missouri forest

If you look closely, you can spot a Carolina Chickadee singing cheerfully in your backyard this morning.

Carolina Chickadees (Poecile carolinensis) are small, active birds that are commonly found in the southeastern United States. These birds have distinctive black caps and bibs, with white cheeks and a gray back.

They have a varied diet consisting of insects, seeds, berries, and small fruits. Carolina Chickadees are known for their foraging patterns, as they’ll often hover and glean insects from leaves and branches.

When it comes to nesting habits, Carolina Chickadees prefer to nest in tree cavities, using moss, bark, and other materials to create a cozy nest. They’re known to excavate their own nesting holes or use existing cavities, such as abandoned woodpecker holes.

Overall, Carolina Chickadees are fascinating birds with unique nesting habits and interesting foraging patterns.

European Starling

An image capturing the striking contrast of a vibrant European Starling perched on a moss-covered branch against the backdrop of a lush Missouri woodland, showcasing its glossy black feathers and iridescent plumage

You might be surprised to learn that European Starlings are one of the most abundant bird species in North America. These birds have had a significant impact on native bird populations in the region. Here are some key points to consider:

  • European Starlings were introduced to North America in the late 1800s. They were brought over by a group of individuals who wanted to introduce all the birds mentioned in Shakespeare’s plays to the continent.

  • Their aggressive behavior and ability to outcompete native bird species for nesting sites and food resources have led to declines in populations of some native birds.

  • European Starlings are highly adaptable and have successfully colonized various habitats across North America. They’re known for their synchronized flocking behavior during migration, forming large and impressive aerial displays.

Eastern Bluebird

An image capturing the magnificent Eastern Bluebird of Missouri in its natural habitat

You’ll be delighted by the vibrant colors of the Eastern Bluebird as it perches on a tree branch and sings its melodious song. The Eastern Bluebird is a migratory bird species found primarily in North America. These birds have distinct migration patterns, with some populations migrating south during the winter months, while others may stay in their breeding areas year-round.

Eastern Bluebird conservation efforts have gained significant attention in recent years. Loss of suitable nesting habitat, primarily due to land development and competition from invasive species, has posed a threat to their population. To combat this, conservation organizations have implemented various strategies, including the establishment of bluebird trails, which consist of nesting boxes placed in suitable habitats.

These efforts have proven successful in increasing Eastern Bluebird populations and have also provided valuable data on their breeding biology and behavior. By understanding their migration patterns and implementing conservation measures, we can ensure the continued survival and well-being of these beautiful birds.

White-breasted Nuthatch

 the enchanting sight of a White-breasted Nuthatch gracefully perched on a moss-covered branch, its slate-blue wings contrasting against the vibrant autumn foliage

Sometimes, you can spot a White-breasted Nuthatch clinging to a tree trunk as it searches for insects to eat. These small birds have unique behavioral adaptations that help them survive in their environment. Here are some interesting facts about White-breasted Nuthatches:

  • They’ve a distinct upside-down foraging behavior, which allows them to access hidden insects that other birds can’t reach.
  • White-breasted Nuthatches have a specialized bill that’s strong and slightly upturned, allowing them to pry open bark to find their prey.
  • They’re known for their ‘hitching’ behavior, as they move up and down trees in a spiral pattern, using their strong legs and sharp claws for support.

Conservation efforts are crucial for the survival of White-breasted Nuthatches and other bird species. Protecting their natural habitats, such as forests and woodlands, is vital. Additionally, creating bird-friendly gardens and providing nest boxes can help ensure their populations thrive. By understanding their behavioral adaptations and taking steps to preserve their habitats, we can contribute to the conservation of these fascinating birds.

Red-winged Blackbird

An image capturing the striking contrast of a male Red-winged Blackbird perched on a cattail, its glossy black plumage contrasting vividly against the vibrant yellow backdrop of a Missouri wetland

If you’re birdwatching in Missouri during the spring, keep an eye out for the vibrant red-winged blackbird. This stunning bird, scientifically known as Agelaius phoeniceus, is known for its distinctive red and yellow shoulder patches on the males. The females, on the other hand, have a streaky brown appearance. Red-winged blackbirds are highly social and often gather in large flocks, especially during migration. They exhibit interesting behavioral patterns, such as males defending their territories by displaying their bright shoulder patches and singing loud songs. When it comes to habitat preferences, these birds are commonly found in wetland areas, such as marshes and swamps, where they build their nests in cattails and other tall vegetation. They are also known to frequent agricultural fields, meadows, and open grasslands. Keep your binoculars handy, as spotting a red-winged blackbird is a delightful experience for any birdwatcher.

Behavioral PatternsHabitat Preferences
Males defend territories through displays and songsWetland areas (marshes, swamps)
Gather in large flocks during migrationAgricultural fields
Females have a streaky brown appearanceMeadows
Build nests in cattails and tall vegetationOpen grasslands

Common Grackle

An image showcasing the glossy iridescent plumage of a Common Grackle perched on a tree branch, its piercing yellow eyes locked inquisitively with the camera, against a vibrant backdrop of lush green foliage

The common grackle is a fascinating bird to observe, and its iridescent plumage and loud, raucous calls make it easy to spot in Missouri. This species, scientifically known as Quiscalus quiscula, exhibits interesting behavioral patterns and has distinct habitat preferences. Here are some key aspects to consider:

  • Behavioral patterns:

  • Grackles are highly social birds, often seen in large flocks.

  • They’re known for their unique foraging behavior, which involves probing the ground with their long beaks to find food.

  • Males perform elaborate displays during the breeding season, puffing up their feathers and vocalizing to attract mates.

  • Habitat preferences:

  • Common grackles are adaptable birds, found in a variety of habitats including woodlands, wetlands, and urban areas.

  • They prefer open spaces with scattered trees and shrubs, providing perching and nesting opportunities.

  • Water sources, such as ponds or marshes, are important for their foraging and bathing needs.

Understanding these behavioral patterns and habitat preferences can enhance your appreciation for the common grackle’s role in Missouri’s avian community.

American Crow

An image capturing the sleek silhouette of an American Crow perched on a leafless branch, against a backdrop of a fiery Missouri sunset, its glossy feathers reflecting the fading light

You should definitely keep an eye out for the American Crow, as its intelligence and adaptability make it an intriguing addition to Missouri’s bird population. The American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) is a highly adaptable species that is found throughout Missouri and across North America. It is known for its distinctive black plumage, stout build, and raucous cawing calls. The American Crow is a highly social bird that can be found in a variety of habitats, including urban areas, forests, and agricultural fields. It has a diverse diet, feeding on a wide range of foods including insects, small mammals, fruits, and carrion. The American Crow communicates through a variety of vocalizations, including calls, caws, and rattles, which play a crucial role in their social interactions and territory defense.

Habitat PreferencesVocalizations and Communication
1Urban areasCalls, caws, rattles
3Agricultural fields

Canada Goose

An image capturing the majestic presence of a Canada Goose in Missouri's serene landscape

You’ll be amazed at the number of Canada Geese that gather in Missouri during the winter months. These magnificent birds are known for their V-shaped flying formations and distinctive honking calls.

Here are some key points about the conservation efforts and migration patterns of Canada Geese:

  • Conservation efforts:

  • Conservation organizations work to protect and restore wetland habitats, which are crucial for Canada Geese.

  • Hunting regulations and management plans are in place to maintain healthy populations while ensuring sustainable hunting opportunities.

  • Public education programs promote awareness and appreciation for these migratory birds, encouraging people to support conservation efforts.

  • Migration patterns:

  • Canada Geese are migratory birds that breed in the northern parts of North America and travel south for the winter.

  • Missouri serves as a crucial stopover and wintering area for Canada Geese due to its abundant wetlands and food resources.

  • These geese undertake long-distance flights, often traveling in large flocks to reach their wintering grounds.

Understanding the conservation efforts and migration patterns of Canada Geese is essential for their long-term survival and for maintaining the ecological balance of their habitats.


An image capturing the vibrant Mallard, the most common duck species in Missouri

There are numerous Mallards that can be seen swimming in the ponds and lakes of Missouri. Mallards, scientifically known as Anas platyrhynchos, are the most common duck species in North America. They exhibit interesting behavioral patterns and have specific habitat preferences.

Mallards are highly adaptable and can be found in a wide range of habitats, including wetlands, marshes, rivers, and even urban areas with access to water. They’re known for their ability to tolerate both freshwater and saltwater environments. During the breeding season, Mallards prefer nesting near water bodies with dense vegetation, such as cattails or reeds, providing cover and protection for their young.

In terms of behavior, Mallards are social birds and often form large flocks during migration. They’re also highly territorial, especially during the breeding season, and males display aggressive behaviors to defend their nesting territories. Mallards are also known for their courtship displays, where males engage in elaborate courtship rituals to attract females.

Overall, Mallards are fascinating birds with unique behavioral patterns and specific habitat preferences that make them a common sight in the ponds and lakes of Missouri.

Rock Pigeon

Have you seen the rock pigeon that’s been nesting on the ledge outside your window?

Rock pigeons, also known as rock doves, are a common sight in urban areas. They’ve adapted well to human environments and can be found in cities all over the world.

Rock pigeons are gray in color with iridescent feathers on their necks. They’ve a distinctive cooing sound that can often be heard in the early morning hours. These birds are highly social and often gather in large flocks.

They build their nests on ledges, rooftops, and other elevated structures. Rock pigeons primarily feed on seeds and grains, but they’re also known to scavenge for food in parks and garbage dumps.

Overall, rock pigeons are fascinating creatures that have successfully made their homes in our urban landscapes.

Belted Kingfisher

Do you know if the Belted Kingfisher has been spotted near the river, or if it has migrated to a different location?

The Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) is a common bird species found near rivers, lakes, and streams throughout Missouri. This medium-sized bird has a distinctive appearance, with a blue-gray body, a shaggy crest on its head, and a white belly with a broad blue band across its chest.

Belted Kingfishers are well-adapted to their aquatic habitats, as they feed primarily on fish, which they catch by diving headfirst into the water from perches along the shoreline. They’re also known for their loud, rattling calls that can be heard echoing along the riverbanks.

During the breeding season, Belted Kingfishers excavate burrows in muddy or sandy banks near water, where they lay their eggs and raise their young.

Great Blue Heron

You might be surprised by how gracefully the Great Blue Heron stalks its prey along the riverbanks. This majestic bird, known for its tall stature and striking blue-gray plumage, is a common sight in wetland areas across North America. The Great Blue Heron isn’t only a skilled hunter, but it also exhibits fascinating migration patterns and nesting habits.

  • Great Blue Heron Migration:

  • These birds are known to migrate long distances, traveling from their breeding grounds in the north to warmer southern regions during the winter months.

  • They follow well-defined migration routes, often flying in V-shaped formations to conserve energy.

  • Some Great Blue Herons may even migrate as far as Central and South America.

  • Great Blue Heron Nesting Habits:

  • These birds are colonial nesters, meaning they build their nests in large groups called colonies.

  • Nests are typically constructed in tall trees, high above the ground, to protect the eggs and young from predators.

  • Great Blue Herons are monogamous and return to the same nesting sites year after year.

Understanding the migration patterns and nesting habits of the Great Blue Heron helps us appreciate the incredible journey these birds undertake and the importance of preserving their habitats.

Green Heron

Don’t underestimate the intelligence of the Green Heron when it comes to finding clever ways to catch its prey. This small heron, found in wetland habitats across North America, has unique adaptations that make it a skilled hunter. Conservation efforts have focused on protecting and restoring these habitats, as they are crucial for the survival of the Green Heron and other wetland species. Understanding the habitat preferences of the Green Heron is essential for effective conservation strategies. This table illustrates the key habitat preferences of the Green Heron:

Habitat PreferenceDescription
WetlandsGreen Herons are commonly found in freshwater and saltwater wetlands, such as marshes, swamps, and mangroves.
VegetationThey prefer areas with dense vegetation, such as reeds and shrubs, which provide cover and nesting sites.
Water DepthGreen Herons are typically found in shallow water, where they can wade and search for prey easily.
Proximity to PreyThey prefer habitats with an abundance of fish, frogs, and insects, which are their primary food sources.


You’ll definitely appreciate the unique nesting habits of the Killdeer, as it cleverly creates its nest on the ground and near rocks or gravel for camouflage and protection.

This bird can be found in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, fields, and shores.

Its behavior is fascinating, as it often pretends to have a broken wing to distract potential predators from its nest.

The Killdeer is known for its distinct call, which sounds like its name being repeated.

Conservation efforts for this species focus on preserving its habitat, as urbanization and habitat loss pose threats to its survival.

Turkey Vulture

Spotting a Turkey Vulture soaring gracefully in the sky, you can’t help but admire its impressive wingspan. Turkey Vultures, scientifically known as Cathartes aura, are large scavenger birds that play a crucial ecological role in maintaining the balance of nature. They are commonly found in North and South America and are recognized by their bald red heads and dark brown feathers. These remarkable birds primarily feed on carrion, making them important members of the ecosystem as they help prevent the spread of diseases by removing decaying animal carcasses. Their keen sense of smell allows them to locate dead animals from high altitudes, making them efficient scavengers. Turkey Vultures are also known for their predator-prey relationship, as they occasionally prey on small mammals, reptiles, and birds. Overall, Turkey Vultures contribute significantly to the ecosystem by playing a vital role in the decomposition process and helping to maintain a healthy environment.

Turkey Vulture Facts
Scientific NameCathartes aura
HabitatNorth and South America
DietCarrion, occasionally small mammals, reptiles, and birds
Physical CharacteristicsBald red heads, dark brown feathers
Ecological RoleScavengers, decomposers, disease control

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Diet of the American Robin?

The American robin’s diet consists of a variety of foods, including insects, earthworms, fruits, and berries. During migration, they rely heavily on fruits for energy. Their feeding habits contribute to seed dispersal and plant regeneration.

How Do Northern Cardinals Attract Mates?

To attract mates, northern cardinals utilize vocalization patterns and courtship behaviors. Males sing a variety of songs to establish territory and attract females. Courtship displays involve hopping, spreading wings, and offering food as a sign of readiness to mate.

Where Do Mourning Doves Typically Build Their Nests?

Mourning doves typically build their nests in trees, shrubs, or on man-made structures like buildings. They construct their nests using twigs, grass, and leaves. These nesting materials provide a secure and comfortable environment for their eggs and young.

What Is the Lifespan of an American Goldfinch?

The lifespan of an American goldfinch can vary due to various factors. These include availability of food, habitat quality, predation, and disease. On average, they live for about 3-6 years in the wild.

How Can You Differentiate Between Male and Female Blue Jays?

To differentiate between male and female blue jays, observe their plumage variations. Males have brighter blue feathers and a black necklace, while females have a duller blue color. Additionally, behavioral differences can be seen in courtship displays and nesting habits.


In conclusion, Missouri is home to a diverse range of bird species. The American Robin and Northern Cardinal can be commonly spotted, adding vibrant colors to the landscape. The Mourning Dove’s gentle cooing fills the air, while the American Goldfinch dazzles with its bright yellow plumage.

The Blue Jay’s striking blue feathers and loud calls make it hard to miss. The Great Blue Heron and Green Heron can be found near water bodies, displaying their elegant hunting techniques. The Killdeer and Turkey Vulture complete the avian community in Missouri, each playing a unique role in the ecosystem.