An image capturing the mesmerizing sight of a vibrant tarantula, its velvety black body contrasting against the sun-drenched red clay of the Texan desert, as it gracefully weaves a delicate web

Most Common Spiders in Texas

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on spiders in Texas. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of these arachnids, exploring their diversity, behavior, and ecological roles in the Lone Star State. Drawing upon empirical evidence and scientific knowledge, we aim to provide a thorough understanding of the subject matter. Whether you’re an arachnology enthusiast or simply seeking to gain insights into the spiders inhabiting Texas, this article will offer an objective and factual approach for your understanding.

Key Takeaways

  • Texas is home to a variety of spiders, including black widows, brown recluse spiders, wolf spiders, house spiders, garden spiders, and cellar spiders.
  • Some of these spiders, such as the brown recluse and southern house spider, are venomous and can cause localized pain and swelling.
  • It is important to properly identify spiders in Texas based on their anatomical features, behavior, and habitat preferences.
  • To prevent and remove spiders, homeowners should seal cracks and openings, install mesh screens on windows, regularly clean and declutter their homes, and seek professional pest control services if necessary.

Common Types of Spiders in Texas

An image capturing the diverse arachnid population of Texas
In recent years, there has been an increasing prevalence of common types of spiders in Texas. Among these are the black widow (Latrodectus spp.) and brown recluse (Loxosceles spp.), both of which are known for their potentially harmful bites. Wolf spiders (Lycosidae) are also commonly found in Texas and are known for their robust hunting abilities. House spiders (Parasteatoda tepidariorum) and garden spiders (Argiope spp.) are frequently encountered in residential areas and gardens, respectively. Another common spider in Texas is the cellar spider (Pholcus phalangioides), which is known for its distinctive long, thin legs and preference for dark and damp environments. Understanding the diversity, distribution, behavior, reproduction, habitat preferences, and ecological roles of these common spiders in Texas is crucial for the scientific community and the general public alike.

Wolf Spiders

An image showcasing the Texan wilderness at dusk, with a large wolf spider perched upon a weathered wooden fence, its hairy legs contrasting against the vibrant orange sky, capturing the essence of these elusive arachnids
The wolf spider is a common arachnid species found in various regions of Texas. These large spiders belong to the family Lycosidae and are known for their excellent hunting abilities. Here are three interesting facts about wolf spiders in Texas:
  1. Species of wolf spiders: Texas is home to several species of wolf spiders, including Hogna aspersa, Rabidosa rabida, and Schizocosa mccooki. Each species has unique characteristics and behaviors, contributing to the overall diversity of wolf spiders in the state.
  2. Nocturnal spiders: Wolf spiders are primarily nocturnal, meaning they are most active during the night. They use their keen eyesight to hunt for prey, which mainly consists of insects and other small invertebrates.
  3. Common species: One of the most common wolf spider species in Texas is the Texas wolf spider (Hogna aspersa). These spiders are often found in grasslands, shrublands, and other open habitats throughout the state.

Cellar Spider

An image capturing the intricate silhouette of a Cellar Spider delicately perched on a web, as the warm Texas sunlight casts ethereal shadows, illuminating its long, slender legs and delicate body
Although often mistaken for daddy longlegs, the cellar spider, also known as the Pholcus phalangioides, is a distinct arachnid species commonly found in Texas. These spiders belong to the family Pholcidae and are characterized by their long, delicate legs and small bodies. Cellar spiders are known for their ability to create intricate webs in dark and damp places, such as basements, cellars, and caves. They are opportunistic predators, feeding on a variety of small insects and other arthropods. Despite their harmless nature, cellar spiders are often misunderstood and feared by humans. It is important to note that they are beneficial to have around, as they help control populations of pests. In Texas, cellar spiders coexist with other spider species such as the brown recluse spider, black widow spider, common house spider, grass spiders, and huntsman spiders, contributing to the overall biodiversity of the region.

Crab Spiders

An image showcasing the vibrant world of Crab Spiders in Texas
With their ability to camouflage and blend into their surroundings, crab spiders are a fascinating species commonly found in the diverse ecosystem of Texas. These spiders, scientifically known as Thomisidae, belong to the family of arachnids and are known for their distinctive crab-like appearance. Here are three key characteristics of crab spiders found in Texas:
  1. White Markings: Many crab spiders found in Texas have white markings on their bodies, which help them blend in with flowers and vegetation. This camouflage allows them to ambush their prey, often unsuspecting insects.
  2. Venomous Spiders: Like most spiders, crab spiders possess venom to immobilize their prey. However, they are not considered dangerous to humans. Their venom is primarily used to subdue their insect prey.
  3. Ecological Roles: Crab spiders play an important ecological role as predators, helping to control insect populations in their habitats. By feeding on a variety of insects, they contribute to the balance of Texas’ ecosystems.

Poisonous Spiders in Texas

An image capturing the eerie sight of a black widow spider, its glossy ebony body adorned with the iconic red hourglass marking, lurking amidst the dry, desert brush of Texas
While there are many fascinating spiders found in Texas, it is important to be aware of the presence of poisonous spiders within the state. Some of the poisonous spiders found in Texas include:
  • The recluse spider, scientifically known as Loxosceles reclusa, is known for its venomous bite and the characteristic violin-shaped marking on its thorax.
  • The southern house spider, scientifically known as Kukulcania hibernalis, also possesses venom that can cause localized pain and swelling.
  • The Texas brown tarantula, scientifically known as Aphonopelma hentzi, has urticating hairs on its abdomen that can cause irritation.
  • The brown widow spider, scientifically known as Latrodectus geometricus, is a cousin of the infamous black widow and can be found in Texas.
  • Hobo spiders, scientifically known as Eratigena agrestis, are not native to Texas but have been introduced to the state.
  • Finally, wolf spiders, scientifically known as Lycosidae, are not venomous but can deliver a painful bite if provoked.
It is important to exercise caution and avoid handling these potentially dangerous spiders.

Black Widow

An image capturing the intense essence of a solitary Black Widow spider, known for its glossy ebony body, distinctive red hourglass marking, and delicate yet deadly web, set against the backdrop of Texas' arid landscape
The Black Widow, known scientifically as Latrodectus mactans, is one of the most notorious and venomous spiders found in Texas. This species belongs to the family Theridiidae and is commonly referred to as a widow spider. Here are three key characteristics of the Black Widow:
  1. Appearance: Female Black Widows are easily identifiable with their shiny black body and a distinctive red hourglass marking on their abdomen. Males, on the other hand, are smaller and less noticeable, with lighter coloring and various red or white markings.
  2. Venom: Black Widows produce a potent neurotoxin that affects the nervous system of their prey. While bites from Black Widows are rarely fatal to humans, they can cause severe pain, muscle cramps, and other symptoms that require medical attention.
  3. Habitat: Black Widows prefer dark and undisturbed areas such as woodpiles, sheds, and outdoor structures. They tend to be more prevalent in the southern regions of Texas, including the southern house and brown widow spiders.
Spiders found in Texas are known for their unique characteristics and ecological roles. Understanding the behavior and distribution of these dangerous spiders in Texas is essential for both researchers and the general public.

Brown Recluse

An image capturing the eerie beauty of a solitary Brown Recluse spider, its violin-shaped marking clearly visible, delicately perched on a withered leaf in the arid landscape of Texas
A common spider species found in Texas is the brown recluse, and it is known for its potentially harmful bite. Scientifically known as Loxosceles reclusa, the brown recluse belongs to the family Sicariidae. These medium-sized spiders are typically dark brown in color, with a characteristic violin-shaped marking on their cephalothorax. Brown recluses are commonly found in areas with undisturbed clutter, such as basements, attics, and sheds. They are known for their secretive behavior, often hiding in dark corners or crevices during the day and becoming active at night to hunt for prey. The brown recluse’s venom contains a variety of enzymes that can lead to necrotic tissue damage and, in rare cases, systemic effects. It is important to exercise caution and seek medical attention if bitten by a brown recluse. While brown recluses are considered common in Texas, it is worth noting that they are just one of the many spider species found in the state.

Other Spiders Found in Texas

An image capturing the diverse array of spiders found in Texas
Several other spider species can be found in Texas, and they contribute to the state’s diverse arachnid population. Here are three common spiders found in Texas:
  1. Black Widow (Latrodectus mactans): This venomous spider is known for its shiny black body and red hourglass marking on the abdomen. Black widows are usually found in dark, secluded areas such as garages, basements, and woodpiles. Their bite can cause severe pain, muscle cramps, and other systemic symptoms.
  2. Wolf Spider (Lycosidae family): These large, hairy spiders are commonly found in Texas. They are known for their hunting behavior, as they actively chase and capture their prey. Wolf spiders are usually brown or gray in color with distinct eye patterns. Despite their intimidating appearance, they are not considered dangerous to humans.
  3. Orb-weaver Spider (Araneidae family): These spiders are known for their intricate, circular webs. They are often found in gardens, forests, and meadows. Orb-weavers come in various colors and sizes, but they are typically harmless to humans. They play a crucial role in controlling insect populations by capturing and feeding on small insects that get trapped in their webs.

Jumping Spiders

An image capturing the vibrant elegance of a Jumping Spider in Texas, with its iridescent green and black body, long agile legs poised mid-air, and its large, reflective eyes sparkling with curiosity
Jumping spiders, known for their remarkable agility and unique hunting techniques, are a common sight in the diverse spider population of Texas. These spiders belong to the family Salticidae and are characterized by their excellent vision, which allows them to accurately judge distances and make precise jumps. Jumping spiders are typically small in size, ranging from a few millimeters to about 1 centimeter in length. They have compact bodies, with eight legs and two large front eyes that provide them with a wide field of view. These spiders build silken retreats and use their silk to anchor themselves while hunting. Unlike other spiders that wait for their prey to come to them, jumping spiders actively hunt and catch their prey, which mainly consists of insects and other small arthropods. Their hunting strategy involves stalking and pouncing on their prey, using their agile movements and specialized hunting techniques. Jumping spiders are known to be capable of intricate mating displays, where the males perform elaborate dances to attract females. It is important to note that while jumping spiders are commonly found outdoors, they can occasionally make their way into homes. One such example is the yellow sac spider (Cheiracanthium inclusum), which is known to enter houses and create small sac-like structures for shelter. Understanding the behavior and ecology of jumping spiders in Texas contributes to our knowledge of the fascinating world of arachnids.

Orb Weaver Spiders

An image showcasing the intricate web of an Orb Weaver Spider glistening in the Texan sunlight, capturing the delicate threads as they intertwine with vibrant autumn leaves, evoking a sense of both beauty and danger
Among the diverse spider species in Texas, orb weaver spiders are known for their intricate webs and unique hunting strategies. These spiders belong to the family Araneidae and are commonly found in various habitats throughout Texas. Here are three interesting facts about orb weaver spiders in Texas:
  1. Webs to catch their prey: Orb weaver spiders construct circular-shaped webs that are made of sticky silk. These webs are strategically positioned to capture flying insects such as mosquitoes and flies.
  2. Species found in Texas: Several species of orb weaver spiders can be found in Texas, including the Black and Yellow Garden Spider (Argiope aurantia) and the Spotted Orbweaver (Neoscona crucifera).
  3. Spiders have eight eyes: Unlike other spider families, orb weaver spiders have eight eyes arranged in two rows on the top of their body. This enables them to have a wide field of vision and detect potential prey or predators.
These fascinating spiders play an important ecological role in controlling insect populations and are a common sight in Texas’s natural landscapes.

Other Common Spiders in Texas

An image showcasing the diversity of spiders in Texas
While orb weaver spiders are a notable presence in Texas, there are other common spider species that also inhabit the state. One such species is the banana spider (genus Nephila), known for its striking yellow and black coloration and intricate orb webs. Sac spiders (family Clubionidae) are also commonly found in Texas, with their characteristic elongated bodies and sac-like retreats. Wolf spiders (family Lycosidae) and hunter spiders (family Sparassidae) are known for their hunting behavior and agile movements. Bowl and doily spiders (genus Frontinella) are commonly encountered in Texas, with their unique web structures resembling a bowl and doily pattern. The American grass spider (genus Agelenopsis) is another common species, known for its ground-dwelling behavior and funnel-shaped webs. Understanding the diversity and ecological roles of these Texas spiders is crucial for maintaining a balanced ecosystem.

Texas Spider Identification

An image showcasing a diverse array of Texas spiders against a backdrop of iconic Texan landscapes, highlighting their distinct physical features and unique color patterns
Texas’s diverse spider population can be identified and classified using specific characteristics and features. When identifying spiders in Texas, it is important to consider their anatomical features, behavior, and habitat preferences. Here are three key characteristics to look for when identifying spiders in Texas:
  1. Fishing spiders (Dolomedes spp.): These spiders are commonly found near water bodies such as rivers, ponds, and lakes. They have long legs and are excellent swimmers, using their front legs to detect vibrations on the water’s surface to catch prey.
  2. Wolf spiders (Lycosidae family): Wolf spiders are robust and fast-moving spiders that are commonly found in Texas. They have a distinct eye arrangement, with two large eyes in the front row and four smaller eyes in the back row. They are ground-dwelling spiders and actively hunt for their prey.
  3. Green spiders (Misumena vatia): Also known as the goldenrod crab spider, these spiders can change their color to match their surroundings. They are commonly found in meadows and gardens, where they ambush and capture insects.

Prevention and Removal of Spiders in Texas

An image capturing a Texan home exterior, showcasing a vigilant homeowner sealing cracks in the foundation, installing mesh screens on windows, and clearing clutter from the yard to effectively prevent and remove spiders
To effectively prevent and remove spiders in Texas, homeowners should implement proactive measures and utilize appropriate pest control methods. Spiders, which are a family of arachnids, can be found in various habitats across Texas. One of the most common spider species in the region is the brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa). These spiders are brown in color and are known for their venomous bite. Texas is home to a diverse range of spider species, each with their own unique characteristics and behaviors. Female spiders, in particular, play a vital role in reproduction as they often lay eggs and care for their offspring. To prevent spiders from entering homes, homeowners should seal any cracks or openings that may serve as entry points. Additionally, regular cleaning and decluttering can help eliminate hiding places for spiders. If an infestation occurs, it is advisable to contact a professional pest control service for safe and effective removal.

My experience with spiders in Texas

An image capturing the essence of your spider encounters in Texas
Having lived in Texas for over a decade, I have encountered a wide variety of spiders, each leaving a lasting impression on my experience. Here are three notable observations from my encounters:
  1. Spider Diversity: Texas is home to numerous spider species, including the venomous Black Widow (Latrodectus mactans) and Brown Recluse (Loxosceles reclusa). These spiders are known to bite and can cause severe reactions in humans.
  2. Spider Behavior: Like most spiders, the ones I’ve encountered in Texas are skilled hunters, using their webs to trap prey. I’ve observed Orb-weaving spiders (family Araneidae) constructing intricate, circular webs to capture flying insects.
  3. Spider Habitat Preferences: Spiders in Texas can be found in a variety of habitats, such as forests, grasslands, and urban areas. They are adaptable and can thrive in diverse environments.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are There Any Non-Poisonous Spiders Found in Texas?

Yes, there are non-poisonous spiders found in Texas. These spiders, while not harmful to humans, play important roles in ecosystems. They can be identified by their distinctive anatomical features and behaviors.

How Can I Identify a Wolf Spider in Texas?

A wolf spider in Texas can be identified by its large size, hairy body, and distinctive eye arrangement. It is a common non-venomous spider known for its hunting behavior and ability to produce silk.

What Are the Most Common Locations to Find Cellar Spiders in Texas?

Cellar spiders, also known as Pholcidae, are commonly found in Texas. They are typically found in dark, damp areas such as basements, cellars, and crawl spaces. They are known for their long, thin legs and their ability to create messy webs.

Are There Any Specific Prevention Methods to Keep Crab Spiders Away From My Home in Texas?

To prevent crab spiders from entering homes in Texas, it is recommended to seal any cracks or openings, use screens on windows and doors, minimize clutter, and keep the surrounding area clean and free of insects, which are their primary food source.

Can Jumping Spiders Be Harmful to Humans in Texas?

Jumping spiders in Texas are not harmful to humans. They are generally harmless and do not pose a threat. Their behavior and anatomy differ from venomous spiders, and they are not known to cause any significant health risks.

Q: What are some common spiders found in Texas?

A: Some common spiders found in Texas include house spiders, garden spiders, recluse spiders, common house spiders, black widow spiders, southern house spiders, brown recluse spiders, and Texas brown tarantulas.

Q: Are there any venomous spiders in Texas?

A: Yes, there are venomous spiders in Texas such as the black widow spider, brown recluse spider, and brown widow spider. It is important to exercise caution when dealing with these spiders.

Q: Do all spiders in Texas spin webs?

A: No, not all spiders in Texas spin webs. While web spiders are a common type of spider, there are also spiders that do not rely on webs for hunting or capturing prey.

Q: What is the largest spider species found in Texas?

A: The largest spider species found in Texas is the Texas brown tarantula. These spiders can grow up to 5 inches in length and are known for their hairy appearance.

Q: Are all spiders in Texas usually black?

A: No, not all spiders in Texas are usually black. While some species of spiders are typically black in color, there are also spiders in varying shades of brown, white spots, or other colors.

Q: Do all spiders in Texas bite?

A: While most spiders in Texas have the ability to bite, they will only do so if they feel threatened or cornered. It is best to avoid provoking or handling spiders to minimize the risk of being bitten.

Q: What kind of webs do spiders in Texas usually build?

A: Spiders in Texas will build their webs using silk that they produce. The type of webs can vary depending on the species and their hunting techniques.

Q: Are wolf spiders a common family of spiders in Texas?

A: Yes, wolf spiders are a common family of spiders found in Texas. They are known for their ability to hunt and chase down prey, rather than relying on webs.

Q: How many species of spiders can be found in Texas?

A: There are numerous species of spiders that can be found in Texas. The exact number is difficult to determine as new species are still being discovered.

Q: Are there smaller spiders in Texas as well?

A: Yes, there are smaller spiders in Texas, not all species are large. Texas is home to a variety of spider species, ranging in size from small to larger ones.

Are There Any Water Snakes in Texas That I Should Be Worried About?

Yes, there are water snakes found in texas that you should be cautious about. The state is home to several species, including the venomous cottonmouth water moccasin. While they generally avoid contact with humans, it’s advisable to stay aware of your surroundings when near bodies of water to minimize any potential encounters with these snakes.


In conclusion, spiders in Texas encompass a diverse range of species, including Wolf Spiders, Cellar Spiders, and Crab Spiders. Some of these spiders are poisonous, presenting potential risks to humans. Arachnologists and spider biologists employ scientific language and terminology to accurately describe spider species, their anatomical features, behavior, ecology, and taxonomy. Their objective and factual approach relies on empirical evidence and research findings to provide comprehensive information about spiders in Texas, ensuring a thorough understanding of the topic.